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A system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige

Definition of Stratification

A status that you were born with

Ascribed Status

Often associated with the caste system

Ascribed Status

A status that you earn based upon your achievements

Achieved Status

Often associated with the class system

Achieved Status

What are Weber's components of social class?

Property, Power, Prestige

Sociologists that invented the structural functional theory of social stratification

Davis and Moore

A system of global stratification developed by Immanuel Wallerstein

World Systems Theory

Developed the world systems theory

Immanuel Wallerstein

Consequences of social class

Marriage and Political Preference

This consequence of social class states that as you go up the social class ladder, parents and others are more likely to assist the young person in their choice of a marriage mate


This consequence of social class states working class people are more likely to prefer Democrats who generally feel that the government should intervene in the economy to make citizens financially secure

Political Preference

The poor live in the _____.

West and South

What color are the poor people?


The poor people are ____.

Poorly Educated

What is the sex of the poor people?


The tendency of poor families to be headed by women

Feminization of Poverty

Essential characteristic is that some individuals own other people


Slavery was most widespread in ______.

Agricultural Societies

Slavery was least common among _____, especially hunters and gatherers


Slavery was usually based not on racism but on one of three other factors

Debt, Crime, and War

Notes that women were the first people enslaved through warfare

Gerda Lerner

What were women valued in slavery for?

Sexual purposes, Reproduction, and for their Labor

In some places, _____ was temporary


Slavery was not necessarily ______


Slaves were not necessarily _____

Powerless and Poor

In a _____, status is determined by birth and is lifelong

Caste System

A ______ is built on ascribed status

Caste System

Societies in a caste system practice ______, marriage within their own group, and prohibit intermarriage


_____ provides the best example of a caste system


Based not on race but on religion, the ____ has existed for almost three thousand years

Caste System

Anyone who becomes contaminated must follow _____, or washing rituals, to restore purity


When slavery ended in the US, it was replaced by a ______

Racial Caste System

In the racial caste system in the US, all whites, even if they were poor and uneducated, considered themselves to have a higher status than ALL ______.

African Americans

A _____ is much more open, for it is based primarily on money or material possessions, which can be aquired

Class System

A ____ goes into effect at birth, when children are ascribed the status of their parents, but, in this system, unlike the others, individuals can change their social class by what they achieve (or fail to achieve) in life

Class System

A major characteristic of the class system, then, is its relatively fluid boundaries. A class system allows ____, movement up or down the class ladder

Social Mobility

In every society of the world, _____ is a basis for social stratifaction


_____ has a class system that can be divided into a lower, a middle, and an upper class

Great Britain

Great Britain's population is about evenly divided between _____

Middle class & Lower (Working) class

The most striking characteristics of the British class system are _____

Language and Education

A large group of people who rank closely to one another in property, power, and prestige

Social Class

Comes in many forms, such as buildings, land, animals, machinery, cars, stocks, bonds, businesses, furniture, jewelry, and bank accounts


When you add up the value of someone's property and subtract that person's debts, you have what sociologists call _____


The ability to get your way despite resistance


Mills coined the term ____ to refer to those who make the big decisions in US society

Power Elite

Respect or regard


When grown-up children end up on a different rung of the social class ladder from the one occupied by their parents

Intergenerational Mobility

Refers to changes in society that allow large numbers of people to move up or down the class ladder

Structural Mobility

This occurs when large numbers of people move up and down the social class ladder, but, on balance, the proportions of the social classes remain about the same

Exchange Mobility

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