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50 terms

Sociology Test #3- Chap 7 & 8

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A system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige
Definition of Stratification
A status that you were born with
Ascribed Status
Often associated with the caste system
Ascribed Status
A status that you earn based upon your achievements
Achieved Status
Often associated with the class system
Achieved Status
What are Weber's components of social class?
Property, Power, Prestige
Sociologists that invented the structural functional theory of social stratification
Davis and Moore
A system of global stratification developed by Immanuel Wallerstein
World Systems Theory
Developed the world systems theory
Immanuel Wallerstein
Consequences of social class
Marriage and Political Preference
This consequence of social class states that as you go up the social class ladder, parents and others are more likely to assist the young person in their choice of a marriage mate
Marriage
This consequence of social class states working class people are more likely to prefer Democrats who generally feel that the government should intervene in the economy to make citizens financially secure
Political Preference
The poor live in the _____.
West and South
What color are the poor people?
White
The poor people are ____.
Poorly Educated
What is the sex of the poor people?
Women
The tendency of poor families to be headed by women
Feminization of Poverty
Essential characteristic is that some individuals own other people
Slavery
Slavery was most widespread in ______.
Agricultural Societies
Slavery was least common among _____, especially hunters and gatherers
Nomads
Slavery was usually based not on racism but on one of three other factors
Debt, Crime, and War
Notes that women were the first people enslaved through warfare
Gerda Lerner
What were women valued in slavery for?
Sexual purposes, Reproduction, and for their Labor
In some places, _____ was temporary
Slavery
Slavery was not necessarily ______
Inheritable
Slaves were not necessarily _____
Powerless and Poor
In a _____, status is determined by birth and is lifelong
Caste System
A ______ is built on ascribed status
Caste System
Societies in a caste system practice ______, marriage within their own group, and prohibit intermarriage
Endogamy
_____ provides the best example of a caste system
India
Based not on race but on religion, the ____ has existed for almost three thousand years
Caste System
Anyone who becomes contaminated must follow _____, or washing rituals, to restore purity
Ablution
When slavery ended in the US, it was replaced by a ______
Racial Caste System
In the racial caste system in the US, all whites, even if they were poor and uneducated, considered themselves to have a higher status than ALL ______.
African Americans
A _____ is much more open, for it is based primarily on money or material possessions, which can be aquired
Class System
A ____ goes into effect at birth, when children are ascribed the status of their parents, but, in this system, unlike the others, individuals can change their social class by what they achieve (or fail to achieve) in life
Class System
A major characteristic of the class system, then, is its relatively fluid boundaries. A class system allows ____, movement up or down the class ladder
Social Mobility
In every society of the world, _____ is a basis for social stratifaction
Gender
_____ has a class system that can be divided into a lower, a middle, and an upper class
Great Britain
Great Britain's population is about evenly divided between _____
Middle class & Lower (Working) class
The most striking characteristics of the British class system are _____
Language and Education
A large group of people who rank closely to one another in property, power, and prestige
Social Class
Comes in many forms, such as buildings, land, animals, machinery, cars, stocks, bonds, businesses, furniture, jewelry, and bank accounts
Property
When you add up the value of someone's property and subtract that person's debts, you have what sociologists call _____
Wealth
The ability to get your way despite resistance
Power
Mills coined the term ____ to refer to those who make the big decisions in US society
Power Elite
Respect or regard
Prestige
When grown-up children end up on a different rung of the social class ladder from the one occupied by their parents
Intergenerational Mobility
Refers to changes in society that allow large numbers of people to move up or down the class ladder
Structural Mobility
This occurs when large numbers of people move up and down the social class ladder, but, on balance, the proportions of the social classes remain about the same
Exchange Mobility