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This tense expresses what "has happened." (Thus the use of two verbs, like in English.) It talks about recently completed actions, or past actions that are still relevant now. Formed with the present tense of haber, and the past participle. To form a regular past participle, add -ado and -ido to the stem of the verb. There are also some irregular past participles.

Yo (-ar)

he (verb)-ado

Tú (-ar)

has (verb)-ado

Él, ella, usted (-ar)

ha (verb)-ado

Nosotros (-ar)

hemos (verb)-ado

Ellos, ellas, ustedes (-ar)

han (verb)-ado

Yo (-er, ir)

he (verb)-ido

Tú (-er, ir)

has (verb)-ido

Él, ella, usted (-er, ir)

ha (verb)-ido

Nosotros (-er, ir)

hemos (verb)-ido

Ellos, ellas, ustedes (-er, ir)

han (verb)-ido

abrir (irregular past participle)


cubrir (irregular past participle)


decir (irregular past participle)


descubrir (irregular past participle)


escribir (irregular past participle)


hacer (irregular past participle)


morir (irregular past participle)


poner (irregular past participle)


resolver (irregular past participle)


romper (irregular past participle)


ver (irregular past participle)


volver (irregular past participle)


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