Terms in this set (49)
between 800 to 1500 as the frequentcy and the intensity of contact with the outside world increased, which of the following had the most significant impact on sub-saharan Africa?
The arrival of Islam
what was on of the major diffrences between african civilizations and other post classical societies?
african civilizations built somewhat less clearly on prior precedent than did other post-classical societies
which of the following statments concernining political and religious universaoity in Africa is most accruate?
niether universal states nor univerversal religion charectorized Africa, but both christranity and Islam did find adherents in Africa
African societies organized around kingship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concenteration of political power and authority were refered to as..
what was the function of secret societies in African culture
because their membership cut across lineage divisions, they acted to maintain stability within the community and diminish clan fueds
which of the following statements best describes the indenous religon of much sub-sahara Africa?
animistic religion, belief in the power of natural forces persoified as deities , charectorized much of Africa
which of the following statements concerning the economics of Africa is NOT correct?
much of the region lacked a market economy and was based on self-sufficient agricultural units
which of the following was NOT a belief shared by practitioners of many indigeous African religons>
a moral code based on one suprem god
what regon was first converted to Islam by 700 C.E.?
the puritanical reform movments of the almoravids an almohadis arose among what groups of people in Africa?
the Berbers, native desert dwellersof North Africa
what does the phrase "equality before God and inequality within the world" mean?
it refers to the disparity between law apractise in many African socities
what was the most important christan kingdom in Africa?
which of the following regions was NOT one of the important oints of cultural contact between Africa and Islam?
the Persian Gulf
the sehel refers to
grassland belt at the southern edge of the sahara that served as a point of exchange between the forests of the south and North Africa.
what sudanic kingdom declined in 1076, making way for new political organizations in the region?
which of the following statements concerning the sudanic states of Mali and Songhay is the most accurat?
sudanic states had territorial core areas in which were of the same ethnic backround, but thier power extended over subordinate communities
what was the geographical location of the empire of Maili?
between Niger and senegal rivers
what monarch was creadited with begining manlinke expansion and creating the Mali empire?
which of the following statements concerning the social organization of the Malike people is most accurate?
Malike society was divided into three groups, clans of freemen, people devoted to religion, and specialist and trade men
the African traders associated with Mail Empire were called
what was the social and political finction of the griots?
Griots mastered the oral traditions of the Malinke and ny knowing the past were considered excelent advisores of the kings
what was the nature of urbanization within the Mali empire?
Mail possessed "port cities" along the Niger River sich as Jenne and Timbuktu, which flourished both commerciallly and culturally
Which of the following statements concerning the agricultural economy of Mali is most accurate?
the famers of Mali were barley able to provied the basic foods that supported the imperial states
what ruler is responsible for the xreation of songhay empire?
Songhay was originally dominated by what empire?
what was the military title taken by the later rulers of Songhay?
what accounted for the downfall of Songhay?
invasion bya a morroccan Muslim army equipped with firearms, followed by internal revolts
following the decline of Songhay, smaller states developedeast of Maliand Songhay among which people?
why was Islam so readily adopted by rulerswhithin the Sudan?
the muslium concept of a ruler who untied civil and religous athority rienforced traditional ideas of kinship
what was the relationship between Islam and the indigenous religions of Africa?
Islam was able to accommodate pagan pratices and beliefs in early stages of conversions
how did contact with the muslium world affect the African slave trade?
slavery became a more widely difused phenomenon and the slave trade developed rapidly
how was the institution of slavery viewed in a muslum society?
in theory, slavery was seen as a stagein the process of conversion of pagans to Islam
which of the following groups did NOT migrate to the coastal regio of east Africa?
Berbers from North Africa
the Arabic term for the east African coast was
What was the commen culteral trait of the urbanized trading ports of the east African coast?
Bantu-based and Arabic-influenced Swahili langauage
what was the nature of trade of the towns of east Africa?
international trade floureshed in the urbanized ports of east Africa, including commerce with India and China
how did the expansion of Islam aid in the creation of international trade on the east african coastline?
Islam expanded to India and southeast Asia providing a religous bond of trust between those regions and the converted rulers of the cities of east Africa
To what extent did Islam successfully petrate the populations of east Africa?
Islam penetrated very little into the interior among the hunters, pastoralists, and farmers, and even the areas near thetradiing towns remaind relitivly ineffected
what was the impact of the portuguese arrival on the trading patterns of the east African coast?
despite the great effort to shift the foucus of trade into their hands, the portuguse were never able to control trade on the norther swahili coast
the study of population is refered to as
the "demographic transition" is often associated with what change in society?
many African societies unaffected by eithier christianity or islam developed states witout
systems of writing
what was the form of political organization of the yoruba people of Nigeria?
the yoruba were organized in a number of small city-states under the athority of regional kings
what was the form of political organization of the kingdom of kongo?
the kingdom of kango was a confederation of smaller statesbrought under the control of the king and divided into 8 provences
which of the following statements concerning the Great Zimbabwe is NOT correct?
the Great Zimbabwe was constructed by Arab Musliums who were trading with the bantu residents of the reigon
the ruler of the kingdom centered on the Great Zimbabwe too the title of
in what region of Africa was the influence of Islam most profound?
sudan and swahili coast
which of the following states represents the development if Bantu concepts of kingship and state-building?
kingdom of Kongo
Which of the following statements concerning the impact og Islam on sub-saharan Africa is most accurate?
the spread of Islam into Africa brought large areas into the global community