Which of the following often causes hyperparathyroidism?
radiation involving the thyroid gland and neck area
Dwarfism is caused by:
a deficit of somatotropin (GH)
Which of the following results from a deficit of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)?
Goiters occur more frequently in persons living in the:
Great Lakes or mountainous regions
Which of the following is caused by Graves' disease?
increased metabolic rate
Which diagnostic test is useful in determining if a pituitary dysfunction is causing a thyroid disorder?
serum TSH levels
Severe impairment of all aspects of growth and development, including difficulty feeding, mental retardation, and stunted skeletal growth are associated with:
A benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine is called:
The anterior pituitary gland secretes all of the following hormones EXCEPT: The following is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland: - prolactain (PRL) - adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) - growth hormone (GH) - antidiuretic hormone
Which of the following applies to oxytocin?
- It stimulate contraction of the uterus after delivery - It stimulates ejection of breast milk during lactation.
Which of the following is a major function of the hormone norepinephrine?
visceral and cutanious vasoconstriction
Early signs of hyperglycemia include polyphagia, which means:
Which of the following hormones is involved in both the stress response and the anti-inflammatory response?
polydipsia occurs with diabetes mellitus when:
polyuria causes dehydration
Trophic hormones include:
Metabolic syndrome is marked by:
abnormal lipid and glucose metabolism
Compensation mechanisms occurring in the early stage of diabetic ketoacidosis include:
Which of the following may occur with a pituitary adenoma?
headache and seizures
Which of the follwoing may cause hypertension?
Catabolic effects of Cushing's sydrome include:
Blood glucose levels are increased by:
- glucocorticoids - glucagon - epinephrine
Which of the following are likely present in a patient immobilized for a long period of time?
hypercalcemia and low serum PTH levels
Which of the following may cause high serum levels of parathyroid hormone?