Terms in this set (36)
Reference to something well known (History/Mythology/Bible/Literature) in a separate piece of writing.
Repetition of the same letter or sound within nearby words. Ex-"Why not waste the weekend at Westmore water park?"
A comparison between one thing and another, typically used for the purpose of explanation or clarification.
Repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses, sentences, or lines. Ex-"This throne of kings, this sceptered isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars..."
Juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas. Ex-"It can't be wrong if it feels so right."
Repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order. Ex- "You can take the gorilla out of the jungle, but you can't take the jungle out of the gorilla."
Repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words. Ex-"The sergeant asked him to BOMB the LAWN with hotpots."
The arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of increasing importance. Ex-"Miss America was not so much interested in serving herself as she was eager to serve her family, her community, and her nation."
Ending a series of lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences with the same word or words. Ex-"What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny compared to what lies within us."
The persuasive appeal of one's character, especially how the character is established by means of speech or discourse.
Rhetorical exaggeration. Ex-"I've told you a million times..."
The persuasive appeal to reason.
A comparison made by referring one thing as another. Ex-"No man is an island."
The persuasive appeal to emotion.
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses. Ex-"Singing a song or writing a poem is joyous."
A statement that is self-contradictory on the surface, yet seems to evoke a truth nonetheless. Ex-"Whosoever loses their life, shall find it.
Reference to abstractions or inanimate objects as though they had human qualities or abilities. Ex-"The insatiable hunger for imagination preys upon human life."
A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word,or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
A series of rhetorical questions.
Rule of Threes
Typically used to enhance writing, a series of questions or words all relating to each other are asked or stated in groups of threes.
Lord, make me an instrument of your peace
Where there is hatred, let me sow love.
Where there is injury, pardon.
Where there is darkness, light.
Where there is sadness, joy.
O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled, as to console; to be understood, as to understand; to be loved, as to love.
For it is in giving that we receive.
It is in pardoning that we are pardoned, and it is in dying that we are born to Eternal Life.
Gave the speech to the Virginia Convention
Richmond, VA in the year 1775 soon after the battle of Lexington and Concord
Rutgers basketball coach who battled with cancer and gave the Acceptance Speech of the Arthur Ashe Courage Award
at the 1993 ESPN ESPY Awards
Someone who writes a speech for someone else, usually politicians. Kennedy's chief ghostwriter probably wrote the famous antimetabole "Ask not what your country...."
Refers to the group Communist nations under the rule of the Soviet Union—the term was created by English Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
Refers to the "chilly" relationship between the Soviet Union and the USA during the 60s and 70s. There weren't any battles, but the relationship was clearly adversarial.
A corps is large group of soldiers, but these "soldiers" went to impoverished countries because of Kennedy's call to help the poor across the globe. Mrs. Tramont was in the Peace Corps.
Printed the political pamphlet called Common Sense—argued against the divine right of kings—said it didn't make sense that a king knew what was best for people thousands of miles away
Thomas Paine (2)
(2) He was a Deist— Deism was a religion that expressed a belief in an "impersonal god", a God, who made the world like a perfect, balanced, clock, and then let it tick—this was in direct contrast to the God of all other Christian religions, who still believed firmly in a provident God.
Thomas Paine (3)
(3) He wrote The Crisis Papers or The American Crisis—a series of essays ("pep talks") written and then read to Washington's troops the night before the army surprised the Hessians at the Battle of Trenton
"Address to the People of Harlem"—He was a controversial Civil Rights advocate during the 1950s and 1960s, he speaks to a crowd of blacks in Harlem (Upper Manhattan) about how white politicians and the government they run take advantage of black people. He was later assassinated by people in the same African American organization he joined to advance black rights.
An explicit comparison, often employing "like" or "as". Ex-"My love is like a red, red rose."