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APUSH Fall - Essay Prompts

Terms in this set (11)

French and Indian War causes change: 7 years war between France and Britain
disputes over land, tensions turn to war, global conflict between France and Britain
Indians are thought to have no land
End of Salutary Neglect
Britain in debt from defending colonies, begins to tax them to pay debt
colonists gain fighting experience/confidence, Militiamen (British soldiers don't respect)
Proclamation Line of 1763
Pontiac's Rebellion: Indians rebelling against colonists pushing on their territory
British can't afford a war against the Indians, creates Proclamation Line, colonists mad

Prior to:
Bacon's Rebellion - led to Salutary Neglect
Salutary Neglect (1650-1763): virtually self-rule with distant rulers, economically prosperous
Navigation Acts ignored: goods from US have to be transported only by British ships and go through Britain; drive trade back through Britain
Triangular Trade

Post 1763:
Sugar Act (1764): designed to regulate trade and raise revenue; tax on sugar, royal navy enforced, colonists angry
Currency Act (1764): bans paper money, after colonists started printing paper money
Quartering Act (1764): must house British soldiers
Stamp Act (1765): first direct tax, colonists must put stamps on any printed paper
economic boycott by colonists, Sons of Liberty, Stamp Act Congress —> repeal it
Declaratory Act: Parliament has full authority over colonies
Townshend Acts (1767): tax on paper, tea, led, paint
repealed, but tax on tea continued, Boston Massacre (1770)
colonists boycott tea: Boston Tea Party (1773)
Intolerable Acts (1774): Massachusetts Government Act, Boston Port Act, Quartering Act, Quebec Act, Administration of Justice Act

Revolutionary War
Declaration of Independence
1845- Texas annex as slave state under President John Tyler convinced Congress
1846- War with Mexico declared Polk's opponents charged him with provoking the war to satisfy a "slave power" in the South
1846- Wilmot Proviso: Stated that slavery should never exist in any territory taken from Mexico. Passed the House but not the Senate.
1848- Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo: included mexican cession: It gave the United States the Rio Grande as a boundary for Texas, and gave the US ownership of California and a large area comprising roughly half of New Mexico, most of Arizona, Nevada,Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado.
Compromise of 1850 (introduced by Henry Clay: Douglas drove through):
Admission of California as a free state (16 free states and 15 slave states)
New Mexico and Utah open to popular sovereignty.
Texas lost land that would probably become free territory.
The slave trade was banned in Washington, D.C.
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850:
Heavy fines and jail sentences for those who helped runaway slaves escape.
"Personal liberty laws" in the North

1852- Uncle Tom's Cabin- implied slavery not only political problem, but moral struggle, compromises will never solve it
south mad of stereotypical Southern reputation
north abolitionist protest against fugitive slave law
1854 Kansas Nebraska Act
1855 Bleeding Kansas
1857 Lecompton Constitution
1858 Dred Scott v Stanford
1858 Lincoln v Douglas Debates
1860- Winning of Lincoln Election of 1860
1861- Kansas being annexed into US as free state
South secede
Louisiana Purchase in 1803
• American System of Henry Clay (1816) supported a high tariff to protect American industries and generate revenue for the federal government; continuation of the Bank of the United States; development of a system of internal improvements to tie the nation together, which would be financed by profits from the tariff, the bank, and the sale of western lands.
• Erie Canal: meant to connect East and West
- no improvements made to connect north and south
• Missouri Compromise/Compromise of 1820 (11 slave and 11 free states when Missouri asked to be admitted to the Union as a slave state) was authored by Henry Clay, "the Great Compromiser."
- Maine was admitted as a free state; Missouri, as a slave state; all future states north of 36 '30 with the exception of Missouri, would come into the Union as free states.
• Tariff of Abominations favored the north, but south was very upset
- This lead to Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions and southern states threatened to secede
- money from tariff could have been used to expand west
• Railroads begin to replace canals as the heart of the American transportation system (1830s and forward); most railroads ran east to west, helping to cement the North/West alliance.
• Gag rule was adopted (1836); this informal rule in Congress allowed slavery petitions to the House of Representatives to be automatically tabled, thus putting off divisive debates over the issue of slavery. The use of the gag rule lasted until 1844.
• New parties popping up everywhere against slavery in westward expansion (ex. Liberty Party)
• James K.Polk (Democrat) favored westward expansion.
- "54 40 or fight" (campaign slogan)
• Oregon Treaty (1846) resulted in the British-American boundary being set at the 49th parallel.
- South wanted more land for the expansion of slavery
• Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) confirmed the United States title to Texas and gave the United States the Mexican Cession, which included California; the United States agreed to pay $15 million for the land and assumed a $3,250,000 payment to United States citizens with claims against Mexico.
• Free soil party joined with Free Liberty party after treaty to oppose slavery in new areas
"Re-annexation of Texas and the Reoccupation of Oregon"
• Compromise of 1850 (Henry Clay, "Omnibus Bill"; Stephen Douglas supported Clay's proposed
- Cal. admitted as a free state
- New Mex and Utah pop sovereignty
- Tex. lost land that would have become free land
- stricter fugitive slave law
• Wilmot Proviso that said land from war with Mexico will be free

Thesis: As America started to gain more western land, new parties popped up that wanted to stop the expansion of slavery, while southerners were not in favor of treaties that made new land free because they wanted to get wealth, while south threatened to secede the nation because of their pro slavery views.