13 terms

Heat - 1st Hour

Ripon High School, Physical Science, Spring 2012, Spierings
Thermal Energy
The total potential and kinetic energy of all the particles in an object
The transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because of a temperature difference
The measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a reference point
Fahrenheit (°F)
Of or relating to a temperature scale that registers the freezing point of water as 32°F and the boiling point as 212°F at one atmosphere of pressure
Celsius Scale (°C)
A temperature scale where the freezing and boiling points of water are chosen as reference points.
Kelvin Scale (K)
A scale at which the reference point is at which all motion of particles ceases.
Absolute Zero
The temperature at which all motion of particles inside a sample of mass ceases.
Specific Heat
The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a material by 1 Celsius degree
The transfer of heat with no overall transfer of matter
The transfer of heat when particles of a liquid or gas move from one point to another
The transfer of heat by waves moving through empty space
Thermal Conductor
A material that conducts thermal energy well
Thermal Insulator
A material that conducts thermal energy poorly