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30 terms

Prime Movers

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Name the prime movers for hip flexion
- iliopsoas
- rectus femoris
Name the prime movers for hip extension
superficial, deep, and middle gluteals
Name the prime movers for hip abduction
middle gluteals
Name the prime movers for hip adduction
- adductor magnus et brevis
- pectineus
Name the prime movers for hip lateral rotation
- internal and external obturator
- gemelli
Name the prime movers for hip medial rotation
- deep gluteal
- semitendinosus
Name the prime movers for stifle extension
quadriceps femoris
(rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius)
Name the prime movers for stifle flexion
- biceps femoris
- semitendinosis
- semimembranosis
- gastrocnemius
Name the prime movers for talocurual flexion
- cranial tibial
- long digital extensor
Name the prime movers for talocurual extension
- gastrocnemius
- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital extensor
Name the prime movers for hindlimb digital flexion
- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital flexor
Name the prime movers for hindlimb digit extension
long digital extensor
Name the prime movers for cervical spinal flexion of C1-C2
- longus capitis
- longus colli
Name the prime movers for cervical spine flexion caudal to C2
- sternomastoideus
- longus capitis
- longus colli
Name the prime movers for cervical spine extension
splenius
Name the prime movers for cervical spine side bend
scalenus
Name the prime movers for rotation of the cervical spine
- splenius
- sternomastoideus
Name the prime movers for flexion of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)
rectus abdominis
Name the prime movers for extension of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)
sacrospinalis or erector spinae muscles
Name the prime movers for rotation of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)
longissimus and pars costalis of the external abdominal oblique
Name the prime movers for shoulder flexion
- long head of triceps brachii
- teres major
- teres minor
- infraspinatus
Name the prime movers for shoulder extension
- biceps bracii
- supraspinatus
Name the prime movers for elbow flexion
- biceps bracii
- brachialis
Name the prime movers for elbow extension
triceps brachii (all four heads)
Name the prime movers for carpal flexion
- deep digital flexor
- superficial digital flexor
- flexor carpi ulnaris
Name the prime movers for carpal extension
- extensor carpi radialis
- common digital extensor
- lateral digital extensor
Name the prime movers for forelimb digit flexion
- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital flexor
Name the prime movers for forelimb digit extension
- common digital extensor
- lateral digital extensor
Name the thoracic limb extrinsic muscles
- superficial pectoral
- deep pectoral
- brachiocephalicus
- omotransversarius
- trapezius
- rhomboideus
- latissimus dorsi
- serratus ventralis
Name the pelvic limb extrinsic muscles
Major extrinsic muscle is

- psoas major, which joins the iliacus m. to form the iliopsoas m.

Other "extrinsic" limb muscles are either small (superficial gluteal m.) or they attach to the os coxae which is immobile (psoas minor m. & coccygeus, m.)