APUSH 1970s and 1980s
Terms in this set (35)
Students for a Democratic Society
Founded in 1962, the SDS was a popular college student organization that protested shortcomings in American life, notably racial injustice and the Vietnam War. It led thousands of campus protests before it split apart at the end of the 1960s.
Berkeley Free Speech Movement
1964-1965 students insisted that the university administration lift a ban on on-campus political activities and acknowledge the students right to free speech and academic freedom. campus uprising started here
Kent State/Jackson State
4 students killed by National Guardsmen after violent protesting in this university, , Black Mississippi College, anti war demonstrators seize womens dorm, unprovoked state police open fire, kill 2 (innocent & unarmed, wound 12)
Youth movement of the 1960s characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field
Roe v. Wade
established national abortion guidelines; trimester guidelines; no state interference in 1st; state may regulate to protect health of mother in 2nd; state may regulate to protect health or unborn child in 3rd. inferred from right of privacy established in griswald v. connecticut
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
June 1969 in response to police raids on the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village in NY, a popular gay bar. First time the gay community strikes back, refused police presence in the bar. Police used to raid hubs for the homosexual community, arresting men in drag, or anyone w/out an identification card. The riots encouraged many gay men to come out, led to an upsurge in gay rights and activism. Conservatives attacked gay community because it was "immoral." The Stonewall Inn was the only gay club in NY where men were allowed to dance, but it was very seedy.
He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
liberal senator from Minnesota and Lyndon Johnson's vice president who tried to united the party after the tumultuous 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago; he narrowly lost the presidency to Richard Nixon that year.
racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order, loses to Nixon; runs in 1972 but gets shot
My Lai massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
SALT I & II
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. A second treaty was signed on June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. because it was getting too competitive. Set limits on the numbers of weapons produced. Not passed by the Senate as retaliation for U.S.S.R.'s invasion of Afghanistan, and later superseded by the START treaty.
(1) July 20, 1969, feat accomplished by astronaut Neil Armstrong and Colonel Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., who traveled in Apollo 11 and a landing module called the Eagle; (2) this televised event was intended to demonstrate the scientific power of the US
He was a former employee of the Defense Department and gave the New York Times the "Pentagon Paper" which was information on how the US government got involved in Vietnam. Very embarrassing to the government.
Woodward & Bernstein
two reporters for the Washington Post who uncover the Wsatergate scandal by constant digging and tips from "Deep Throat" bring down Nixon in 1974
Name given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public and press.
Saturday Night Massacre
name given to an incident in which nixon ordered attorney general elliot richardson to fire archibald cox the special prosecutor who was relentlessly investigating watergate richarson refused and resigned along with his deputy who also refused to carry out nixons order a subordinate then fired cox the incident created a firestorm of protest in the country
Three Mile Island
Nuclear Power Plant in Harrisburg, Penn. which failed, causing radiation to be admitted in the air
Equal Rights Amendment
Supported by the National Organization for Women, this amendment would prevent all gender-based discrimination practices. However, it never passed the ratification process.
the invisible barrier that prevents women and minorities from advancing to the top jobs in organizations
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
A neighborhood in Niagara Falls, New York, which became the subject of national and international attention, controversy, and eventual environmental notoriety following the discovery of 21,000 tons of toxic waste buried beneath the neighborhood.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA. This group was formed as a response to the overthrowing of Anastazio Somoza Debayle
Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star
Reagan renewed the arms race with the soviets in an attempte to force them into negotiations to reduce their nuclear capacity by announcing the development of a high-technology missile defense system of satelites that could destroy enemy missiles before they reached the U.S.
Sandra Day O'Connor
She was a laywer and later Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. She was the first woman to be a justice on the Supreme Court.
Took over power in Libya at the age of 27 in 1969 after the overthrow of the government. He wanted to be focus of a united Arab world, banned all alcohol, nationalized banks, banned foreign languages, nationalized oil resources and set embargoes against Israel, wrote "Green Book" to explain the faults of democracy. Supplied any rebel Muslim groups with weapons. Created the 600 mi long water pipeline called the "Great Man Made River" which began in 1984
Palestinian Liberation Organization; formed in 1964 with the purpose of creating a homeland for Palestinians in Israel
Jesse Jackson/Rainbow Coalition
democrat; the first African American politician to make a strong run for the presidency by seeking the support of all minority groups under this banner.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
Democratic Leadership Council
Created by Clinton and other centrist Democrats to point the party away from its traditional antibusiness, dovish, champion-of-the-underdog orientation and toward progrowth, strong defense, and anticrime policies.