13 terms

Chapter 7 Terms to Know

Chemical Bonding
Combining of atoms to form a new substance
Valence Electrons
Electrons in the outer most energy level of an atom
Ionic Bonding
Transferring of electrons when bonding (one atom will gain, while another will lose electrons)
The process of removing and electron and forming ions
Ionization Energy
Energy needed for ionization
Electron Affinity
The tendency to attract electrons
Crystal Lattice
The placement of ions in an ionic compound resulting in a regular, repeating arrangement
Covalent Bonding
Bonding in which electrons are shared
A combination of atoms formed by a covalent bond
Network Solids
When atoms in covalent bonds with higher melting points continue to bond to one another.
Polyatomic Ion
A group of covalently bonded atoms that acts like a single atom when combining with other atoms.
Metallic Bonds
Outer electrons between metallic atoms form a common electron cloud
Oxidation Number
Is the number of electrons an atom gains, loses or shares