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Terms in this set (39)
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
What nations engaged in Imperialism
India, Britain, USA, Japan, Germany, Asia
Identify areas of the world that Imperialized
Africa, US, China
Explain the "White Man's Burden"
The British came into Africa to teach African Americans their religion and general education. The obligation of teaching the Africans was considered a burden.
the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals
How did these ideas help to justify and explain Imperialism?
They gave people the idea of survival of the fittest and stronger people should take over the weaker ones.
Positive and Negative effects of Imperialism
Positive: Medical technology advances, African Economy Expanded, and Tribal Warfare Reduced
Negative :Lost culture and freedom, traditional economy destroyed
What areas of Africa were the Europeans in contact with prior to the 1870's?
Costal areas in the northern part of Africa
What role did Africa geography play in keeping Europeans out prior to the 1870's?
It kept them out
What does the "Scramble for Africa" mean
Every other country was looking to claim land in Africa because the saw potential in the land and resources. They all rushed to claim the land and get there before anyone else gets there.
Conference regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
Who was Cecil Rhodes?
British imperialist, businessman, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa
Describe the Boer War in South Africa
War between the British and the Dutch
Leader of the Zulu people. He led them against the imperialist.
African resistance? Who was able to resist imperialism
The Zulus in South Africa (Ethiopia)
Significance of King Menelik II in Ethiopia
Successful at turning the Europeans against each other.
Major Religions in India
Hindu and Islam
British East Indian Trading Company
Formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China (Started imperialism in India)
Jewel in the Crown
India- had the most important recourses to the British
was formerly the designation given to an Indian soldier
What is the Sepoy Mutiny
Rebellion in India against the rule of the British East India Company, that ran from May 1857 to June 1858.
Rule of the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947
Positive and negative impacts of Imperialism on India.
Indian modernization and loss of culture
What are the names of Nationalistic groups that arise in India?
Indian National Conference and the Muslim League
Evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture.
The Chou people, unaware of high civilizations in the West, believed their empire occupied the middle of the earth, surrounded by barbarians.
Explain China's policy of Isolationism
Kept all foreigners out because they thought their culture was superior.
Why did British want to trade with China in the 1800's
to increase their wealth and territory.
Opium and the Opium War
Opium is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy. The Opium War fought between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Empire over their conflicting viewpoints
What Treaty of Nanjing? What was China forced to do under this treaty?
between Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and the Emperor of China, was signed on the 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War. China was forced to pay large amounts of reparations
Spheres of influence? What other countries gained footholds in China? Open Door Policy?
spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity
Nationalistic feelings grow in China. Explain Taiping Rebellion and Boxer Rebellion
Taiping and the Boxer Rebellion were the people of China rebelled against British
military-nobility and officer-caste of medieval and early-modern Japan
Began western trade with Japan in 1855
Treaty of Kanagawa
Concluded between Commodore Matthew C. Perry of the United States Navy and the Tokugawa shogun ate.
was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji
Japan grows in strength and begins to imperialize other nations. Which nations?
China and Russia
Sino-Japanese War (Details and results)
fought between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After more than six months of unbroken successes by Japanese land and naval forces and the loss of the Chinese port of Weihaiwei, the Qing government sued for peace in February 1895.
Russo-Japanese War (Details and results)
fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria, and the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea.
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