Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (39)
When one nation dominates another politically, socially, and economically.
What nations engaged in imperialism? Why?
Great Britain, France, Germany, United States, and Italy. They wanted the power over smaller nations and their resources.
Identify areas of the world that were Imperialized?
Africa, India, and China.
Explain the "White Man's Burden"
A poem written about the people who conquered the Africans having the burden and responsibility to take care of them.
"Survival of the Fittest"
How did these ideas help to justify and explain Imperialism?
It allowed European nations to help these nations.
Positive and Negative effects of Imperialism?
Tribal warfare reduced, sanitation and education in Africa, tribal warfare reduced, technology advanced were positive. Africans lost land, culture and freedom, intro of new diseases, and famine.
What areas of Africa were the Europeans in contact with prior to the 1870's?
What role did African geography play in keeping Europeans out prior to the 1870's?
There was not very many rivers into Africa for transportation, it made it hard to get into the center of Africa because the lack of water.
What does the "Scramble for Africa" mean?
The European countries wanted to take over Africa for it resources and everyone wanted a piece of it.
A meeting where representatives of European countries met to discuss the rules for colonizing Africa.
Who was Cecil Rhodes?
A British imperialist, business man, mining magnate, and politician in South Africa.
Describe the Boer war in South Africa.
A conflict where Boers fought the British fought for control of territory in South Africa.
South African nationalists that fought against European control in the 1800s.
African resistance? Who was able to resist imperialism.
Shaka Zulu united the African tribes in fighting the Europeans.
Significance of King Menelik II in Ethiopia.
Allowed Ethiopia to get back to its former glory through expansion.
Major Religions in India.
Hinduism and Islam
British East Indian Trading Company
British joint stock company meant to aid with trade in India.
Jewel in the Crown
India was the largest supplier of natural resources to England and with a population of 300 million people, India became the largest market to export finished products.
What is Sepoy Mutiny?
Rebellion by Sepoy against the British and East India company.
When the British had control over China.
Positive and negative impacts of imperialism on India:
The positives included 3rd largest rail network, it modernized, brought unity and schools and collages were founded. The negatives included Britain having most of the political power, British restricted Indian owned industry, famine due to cash crops, and British adopted the hands off policy regarding Indian religious and social customs.
What are the names of Nationalistic groups that arise in India?
Hindus and Muslims
Belief that their culture or ethnicity is superior to all others.
Inner provinces of China
Explain China's policy of isolationism
They refused to trade with other countries for fear that it would ruin their economy.
Why did British want to trade with China in the 1800's?
China had tea in abundance.
Opium and Opium War
A drug that comes from a plant that was traded to China. The Chinese wanted it to stop because of how the people were becoming addicted. The Chinese destroyed a merchant ship and it started a war between the British and Chinese.
What is the Treaty of Nanjing? What was China forced to do under this treaty.
It marked the end of the Opium war and they had to pay for the entire war.
Spheres of influence? What other countries gained footholds in China? Open Door Policy?
There were sections of China divided up by different countries. China only traded with certain countries, and they opened up their ports for trade.
Nationalistic feelings grow in China. Explain the Taiping Rebellion and Boxer Rebellion.
These rebellions were by Chinese citizens who didn't want other countries and culture to ruin theirs.
Ancient Japanese warriors.
Naval Captain and Commodore from the US that helped to open ports for trading.
Treaty of Kanagawa
Treaty that opened two Japanese ports to the US and opened a US embassy there.
Chain of events that lead to the restoration of Japanese.
Japan grows in strength and begins to imperialize other nations. Which nations?
Russia and China
Fought between Qing Empire of China and the empire of Japan, primarily over control of Korea. After six months of successes by land and naval forces, and the loss of the Chinese port of Weihaiwei, the Qing gov't sued for peace.
Fought between the Russian empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
You might also like...
History CH 11