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8 terms

Ancient World Chapter 1

section 3
STUDY
PLAY
irrigation
supplying land with water through a network of canals
surplus
MORE than is needed
artisan
a worker who is especially skilled at crafting items by hand
civilization
a society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social class
social class
a group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living
social class order
the king was the most powerful, then came the class made up of the priests, next were the nobles (government officials and military), below them were the artisans, traders and merchants, and the lowest ranked were the common workers and farmers
early cities
were larger than villages, most people worked at a craft, cities had large public buildings to store surplus grain, buildings to worship gods, and buildings where people could buy and sell goods
villages
were smaller than cities, most people were farmers