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section 3


supplying land with water through a network of canals


MORE than is needed


a worker who is especially skilled at crafting items by hand


a society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social class

social class

a group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living

social class order

the king was the most powerful, then came the class made up of the priests, next were the nobles (government officials and military), below them were the artisans, traders and merchants, and the lowest ranked were the common workers and farmers

early cities

were larger than villages, most people worked at a craft, cities had large public buildings to store surplus grain, buildings to worship gods, and buildings where people could buy and sell goods


were smaller than cities, most people were farmers

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