5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
- Ex parte Milligan (1866)
- McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- a Extends to the defendant the right of counsel (lawyer) in STATE AS WELL AS FEDERAL CRIMINAL TRIALS regardless of their ability to pay. major broadening of the us bill of rights
- b The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
- c Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
- d Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dredd Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory (based on the 5th Amendment right of a person to be secure from seizure of property), thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820
- e Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
5 Multiple choice questions
- The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review
- New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U.S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts
- tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.
- Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act,the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies, 1895American sugar refining company
- Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
5 True/False questions
Munn v. Illinois (1877) → A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837) → The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest
Abrahms v U.S (1919) → Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1832) → ruled an indian tribe was neither a foreign nation nor a state and therefore had no standing in federal courts. But indians still had unquestioned right to their land
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952) → .Re-established the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, northern securities corporation by jp morgan