5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dennis et al. V. U.S. (1951)
- Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
- Pollock v Farmers' Loan and Trust Co (1895)
- Marbury v. Madison (1803)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
- a The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review
- b The Smith Act passed in 1940 made it a crime to teach or advocate the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or violence. It also required the fingerprinting and registration of all aliens. In 1947 eleven American Communist Party members were successfully prosecuted and jailed under this act. In Dennis et al. V. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the
constitutionality of the Smith Act.
- c Declared the income tax under the Wilson-Gorman Tariff to be unconstitutional because it violated the constitutional probision that direct taxes be based solely on the size of the population. In 1913 Amendment 16, income tax amendment was ratified. gave congress the right to tax income without regard to pop. size
- d Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
- e Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce
5 Multiple choice questions
- Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
- Declard unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract. reversed supreme courts ruling in muller v. oregon which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace. said women were now equal and didn't need protection
- In deciding this case, the U.S. Supreme Court officially applied the "separate but equal doctrine" to public schools. As a result of this decision and Plessy v. Ferguson, segregation laws known as Jim Crow laws, piled up throughout the South.
- This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
- The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
5 True/False questions
Munn v. Illinois (1877) → National power. Federalism. The Supreme Court forbade any state to set rates, even within its own borders, on railroad traffic entering from or bound for another state. This paved the way for the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) → The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
Roe v. Wade (1973) → The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1832) → Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
Worchester v. Georgia (1832) → Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force