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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Lochner v. New York (1905)
  2. Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
  3. Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  4. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
  5. Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
  1. a The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and upholds the sanctity of contracts. first time supreme court assumed right to declare a state law unconstitutional
  2. b The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
    Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
  3. c The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
  4. d Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
  5. e A New York State law fixing maximum working hours for bakers was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. The court held the law exceeded the police powers of the state and interfered with the individual's right to freedom of contract under Amendment 14.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act,the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies, 1895American sugar refining company
  2. Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
  3. ruled an indian tribe was neither a foreign nation nor a state and therefore had no standing in federal courts. But indians still had unquestioned right to their land
  4. The court ruled that those subject to in-custody interrogation be advised of their constitutional right to an attorney and their right to remain silent, 1966
  5. Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"

5 True/False questions

  1. New York Times v U.S (1971)The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.


  2. Cummins v. County Board of Education (1899)In deciding this case, the U.S. Supreme Court officially applied the "separate but equal doctrine" to public schools. As a result of this decision and Plessy v. Ferguson, segregation laws known as Jim Crow laws, piled up throughout the South.


  3. Roe v. Wade (1973)tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.


  4. Bakke v. University of California (1978)In this 5-4 ruling the Supreme Court outlawed quotas
    and ordered that Alan Bakke be admitted to medical school. But the court also upheld the principle of affirmative action, explaining that race or ethnicity could be counted as a plus in an applicant's file as long as it did "not insulate the individual from comparison with other candidates."


  5. Bailey v Drexel Furniture Co (1922)The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
    Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.