5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Holden v. Hardy (1896)
- Bailey v Drexel Furniture Co (1922)
- Cummins v. County Board of Education (1899)
- Munn v. Illinois (1877)
- Abrahms v U.S (1919)
- a dealt with the 1919 Child Labor Tax Law which gave congress the right to tax 10% of the value of companies employing children under the age of 14; the USSC found that the law violated the tenth amendment and took away a power reserved to the states
- b In deciding this case, the U.S. Supreme Court officially applied the "separate but equal doctrine" to public schools. As a result of this decision and Plessy v. Ferguson, segregation laws known as Jim Crow laws, piled up throughout the South.
- c A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
- d tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.
- e This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The Smith Act passed in 1940 made it a crime to teach or advocate the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or violence. It also required the fingerprinting and registration of all aliens. In 1947 eleven American Communist Party members were successfully prosecuted and jailed under this act. In Dennis et al. V. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the
constitutionality of the Smith Act.
- Declard unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract. reversed supreme courts ruling in muller v. oregon which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace. said women were now equal and didn't need protection
- The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
- (a) Supreme Court placed limits on the foreign affairs authority of the president. (b) Federal government seized control of the nation's steel mills during the Korean War. (c) Presidents cannot act contrary to the clearly expressed will of Congress in domestic matters.
- The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.
5 True/False questions
Ex parte Milligan (1866) → Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
Lochner v. New York (1905) → A New York State law fixing maximum working hours for bakers was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. The court held the law exceeded the police powers of the state and interfered with the individual's right to freedom of contract under Amendment 14.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837) → The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest
Marbury v. Madison (1803) → The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918) → The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.