5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Worchester v. Georgia (1832)
- New York Times v U.S (1971)
- Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
- Dennis et al. V. U.S. (1951)
- Muller v. Oregon (1908)
- a Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce
- b Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
- c The Smith Act passed in 1940 made it a crime to teach or advocate the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or violence. It also required the fingerprinting and registration of all aliens. In 1947 eleven American Communist Party members were successfully prosecuted and jailed under this act. In Dennis et al. V. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the
constitutionality of the Smith Act.
- d Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
- e The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dredd Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory (based on the 5th Amendment right of a person to be secure from seizure of property), thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820
- A New York State law fixing maximum working hours for bakers was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. The court held the law exceeded the police powers of the state and interfered with the individual's right to freedom of contract under Amendment 14.
- (a) Supreme Court placed limits on the foreign affairs authority of the president. (b) Federal government seized control of the nation's steel mills during the Korean War. (c) Presidents cannot act contrary to the clearly expressed will of Congress in domestic matters.
- .Re-established the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, northern securities corporation by jp morgan
- Extends to the defendant the right of counsel (lawyer) in STATE AS WELL AS FEDERAL CRIMINAL TRIALS regardless of their ability to pay. major broadening of the us bill of rights
5 True/False questions
Cummins v. County Board of Education (1899) → In this 5-4 ruling the Supreme Court outlawed quotas
and ordered that Alan Bakke be admitted to medical school. But the court also upheld the principle of affirmative action, explaining that race or ethnicity could be counted as a plus in an applicant's file as long as it did "not insulate the individual from comparison with other candidates."
Pollock v Farmers' Loan and Trust Co (1895) → Declared the income tax under the Wilson-Gorman Tariff to be unconstitutional because it violated the constitutional probision that direct taxes be based solely on the size of the population. In 1913 Amendment 16, income tax amendment was ratified. gave congress the right to tax income without regard to pop. size
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) → Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
Wabash RR v Illinois (1886) → National power. Federalism. The Supreme Court forbade any state to set rates, even within its own borders, on railroad traffic entering from or bound for another state. This paved the way for the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887.
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837) → The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest