5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- New York Times v U.S (1971)
- Muller v. Oregon (1908)
- Wabash RR v Illinois (1886)
- Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
- In Re Debs (1895)
- a National power. Federalism. The Supreme Court forbade any state to set rates, even within its own borders, on railroad traffic entering from or bound for another state. This paved the way for the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887.
- b New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U.S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts
- c Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
- d The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.
- e denied a writ of habeas corpus to Eugene Debs, after he was cited for contempt for violating an injunction against the Pullman strike. Strike interfered with the federal responsibility to transport the mails and its authority over interstate commerce
5 Multiple choice questions
- Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
- Sometimes called "the sick chicken case." or Schecter poultry case Unanimously declared the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) unconstitutional on three grounds : the act delegated legislative power to the executive, there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and it sought to regulate businesses that were wholly intrastate in character, 1936
- tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.
- This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
- Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce
5 True/False questions
Marbury v. Madison (1803) → The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review
Schenck v. U.S. (1919) → Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) → Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dredd Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory (based on the 5th Amendment right of a person to be secure from seizure of property), thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) → Extends to the defendant the right of counsel (lawyer) in STATE AS WELL AS FEDERAL CRIMINAL TRIALS regardless of their ability to pay. major broadening of the us bill of rights
Dennis et al. V. U.S. (1951) → Sometimes called "the sick chicken case." or Schecter poultry case Unanimously declared the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) unconstitutional on three grounds : the act delegated legislative power to the executive, there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and it sought to regulate businesses that were wholly intrastate in character, 1936