apush women


Terms in this set (...)

Jane Addams
1860-1935, activist, reformer, social worker, author. Created Hull House, wrote Twenty Years At Hall House.
Dorothea Dix
1802-1887, activist. Created the first generation of American mental asylums.
Amelia Earhart
1897-1939ish, author, pilot. First female to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
Dolores Huerta
1930-today, labor leader and civil rights activist, feminist. Early member of National Farmworkers Association (now called United Farm Workers), still active today in improving migrant workers workplace and wages.
Susan B. Anthony
1820-1906, social reformer, feminist, anti-slavery, social equality. Co-founded Women's Loyal National League, National Women's Suffrage Association, American Equal Rights Association. She was the reason for passing of the 19th amendment.
Clara Barton
1821-1912, Nurse during civil war who founded the American Red Cross.
Rachel Carson
1907-1964, author, marine biologist. Some of her books like "Silent Spring" advanced global environmental movement. Earth Day created.
Emma Goldman
1869-1940, political activist, author, and gave a lot of speeches. Big role in the development of anarchist political philosophy development in North America and Europe in first half of the 20th century.
Anne Hutchinson
1591-1643, Antinomian controversy. Put on trial in 1637 and exiled to Rhode Island.
"Mother" Mary Jones
1837-1930, union activist, jailed several times. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World. Strived to end child labor and shorten the work day.
Worked for the Knights of Labor and United Mine Workers Union; fought for coal miners' rights and against child labor through strikes and unions.
Helen Keller
1880-1968, author, political activist, lecturer. Wrote The Story of My Life and The Frost King. Deaf and blind, but still accomplished her goals.
Billie Jean King
1943-today, tennis star, wanted equal pay for women and men in sports and society. She is known for the "The Battle of the Sexes" in 1973, in which she defeated 55-year-old Bobby Riggs, a former Wimbledon men's singles champion.
Lucretia Mott
1793-1880, Quaker activist in both the abolitionist and women's movements; w/ Elizabeth Cady Stanton, she was a principal organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention.
Rosa Parks
1913-2005, activist, abolitionist, civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement, initiated Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Alice Paul
1885-1997, leader of the National Woman's Party and the Congressional Union, campaigned for an Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and led protests
Frances Perkins
1880-1965, labor activist, feminist, suffragist, first female cabinet member, set work regulations for women and children.
Eleanor Roosevelt
1884-1962, FDR's First Lady who played large ceremonial role and involvement in the political process. She represented the president by touring the US, organizing FDR's campaigns and offering advice on policy issues. She hoped to advance public health and education, promote arts in rural areas and address food control.
1789-1812/1884? Death unknown, translator for Lewis and Clark, explorer, Shoshone Indian.
Phyllis Schlafly
1924-today, activist, lawyer, founder of Eagle Forum, opposed Equal Rights Amendment, anti-feminist, formed S.T.O.P. E.R.A., believed in traditional family roles.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
1815-1902, abolitionist, suffragist with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
Gloria Steinem
1934-today, feminist, social acrivist, political activist, author, lecturer. Pushed for Equal Rights Amendment. Founder and original publisher of Ms. magazine, and was an influential co-convener of the National Women's Political Caucus.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
1811-1896, abolitionist, feminist, socialist, anti-slavery, author. Wrote National Era and Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Lucy Stone
1818-1893, abolitionist, suffragist, kept maiden name when married, anti-slavery, Co-founded National Women Suffrage Association, National American Women Suffrage Association Collection.
Ida Tarbell
1857-1944, author, teacher, and journalist, leading "muckraker". Wrote History of the Standard Oil Company, All Day's Work, and In Lincoln's Chair, appointed to Women's Committee of the Council.
Sojourner Truth
1797-1883, abolitionist, slave, National Women's Hall of Fame, lecturer, first African American Women to win lawsuit in America, famous speech, "Ain't I a Women".
Ida B. Wells
1862-1931, African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride streetcards or shop in white owned stores
Marion Anderson
1897-1993, distinguished African american singer, she had been refused the use of the Constitution Hall in Washington, DC by the all white Daughters of the American Revolution. Eleanor Roosevelt soon arranged for her performance at Lincoln Memorial.
Mary McLeod Bethune
1875-1955, educator and life rights leader best known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida
Elizabeth Blackwell
1821-1910, abolitionist, women's rights activist, and the first female doctor in the United States
Anne Bradstreet
1612-1672, author, English-American writer. She was the first notable American poet; AND She was the first woman to be published in Colonial America. She wrote "In Reference to her Children".
Pearl Buck
1892-1973, writer, novelist, won Nobel Peace prize, advanced humanitarian causes. "Americans in China".
Carrie Chapman Catt
1859-1947, founded National American Woman Suffrage Association, women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920. Served as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and was the founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women.
Emily Dickenson
1830-1886, poet, didn't leave her room for 30-40 years, spent her time writing poems; poems are about death of her psyche, poems are like diary entries. Pre-civil war, New England literary great.
Abigail Adams
1744-1818, she strongly supported American independence, and she argued for equal rights, political representation, and education for women,
wrote a famous letter to her husband pleading the case for women's rights in the new government
"Remember the ladies".
Jane Fonda
1937-today, young actress who was an out-spoken Vietnam War critic and became unpopular back home after her radio broadcasts in North Vietnam that were meant to lower the morale of American soldiers.
Betty Friedan
1921-2006, activist, author, feminist. Co-founded National Organization for Women (N.O.W.) in 1966, wrote The Feminine Mystique in 1963 which was credited for sparking second feminist movement.
Margaret Fuller
1810-1850, social reformer, leader in women's movement and a transcendentalist. Edited "The Dial" which was the publication of the transcendentalists. It appealed to people who wanted "perfect freedom" "progress in philosophy and theology and hope that the future will not always be as the past".
Ruth Bader Ginsberg
1933-today, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993. She is the second female justice.
Katherine Graham
1917-2001, American publisher, She led her family's newspaper, The Washington Post, for more than two decades, overseeing its most famous period, the Watergate coverage that eventually led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Her memoir, Personal History, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
1792-1873, Quaker sisters from South Carolina who came north and became active in the abolitionist movement; Angelina married Theodore Weld, a leading abolitionist and Sarah wrote and lectured on a variety of reforms including women's rights and abolition.
Julia Ward Howe
1819-1910, abolitionist, social activist, poet, and the author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic", introduced idea of Mother's Day.
Neale Zora Hurston
1891-1960, folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of her four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. Wrote during Harlem Renaissance.
Margaret Mead
1901-1978, popularized sociology in the field of sexual beliefs and norms among South Pacific and Southeast Asian cultures; also studied children in different cultures and breastfeeding in different population groups.
Marilyn Monroe
1926-1962, actress and model, sex symbol of the 1950's.
Carrie Nation
1846-1911, prohibitionist. She believed that bars and other liquor-related businesses should be destroyed, and was known for attacking saloons herself with a hatchet, leader of the Women's Christian Temperance Organization which worked to do away with the buying, selling, distribution of alcohol. Would destroy saloons with a hatchet.
Sandra Day O'Conner
1930-today, retired associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving from her appointment in 1981 by Ronald Reagan until her retirement in 2006, first woman to be appointed to the Court.
Georgia O'Keefe
1887-1986, artist, best known for her paintings of enlarged flowers, New York skyscrapers, and New Mexico landscapes, recognized as the "Mother of American modernism".
Margaret Sanger
1879-1966, leader of the movement to legalize birth control during the early 1900's, nurse in the poor sections of New York City, she had seen the suffering caused by unwanted pregnancy, founded the first birth control clinic in the U.S. and the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood.
Gertrude Stein
1874-1946, author of plays, novels, essays, operas, and poetry, in Paris during the 1920s she was a central member of a group of American expatriates that included Ernest Hemingway, her works include Three Lives (1908), Tender Buttons (1914), and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933).
Harriet Tubman
1822-1913, born into slavery, abolitionist, escorted over 300 slaves during civil war.
Alice Walker
1944-today, author, activist, wrote novel The Color Purple for which she won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
Barbara Walters
1929-today, journalist, author and television personality, 1st women co-anchor on national news.
Oprah Winfrey
1954-today, media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist, the first black woman to host a nationally syndicated talk show on television.
Jeanette Rankin
1880-1973, first woman to hold a high government office in the United States when, in 1916, she was elected to the United States Congress from the state of Montana.