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Terms in this set (93)

European:
o First to be discovered in Europe (Mandible found) in 1907 in Germany
o Based on stratigraphic dating, the mandible was assigned an age of 400-500K
o Not modern = lacks chin
o Because Homo erectus was not accepted at the time, the Mauer mandible was given the name Homo Heidelbergensis
o Differs from H. Erectus:
1. Bony anatomy
2. Dental resembles modern humans
o All speciemen found resemble H. Erectus in having thick cranial bones and less round cranial vaults.
o Their cranial capacity range between 1050-1390 making them larger brain than H.erectus but braincase is lower than us
o Too primitive to be called Neadertal but have midfacial prognathism
o Nasal bone projecting from face

African:
o Yielded at least 4 crania that are regarded as Archaic H. Sapiens
o The oldest, from Bodo , Ethipia, dates to 600K, brain capacity of 1,300 and its most extradoniary features are cut marks on the face that appear to be made by stone tools that reflect a burial or ritual practice.
o Bodo indicates evidence of defleshing with stone tools 600K
o The Kabwe (Broken Hill) cranium in 1921, is more complete but smaller than Bodo. Age is suggested 125K.
o Was once thought to be an African Neadertal but is now H. Sapien
o Both have large nasal aperture and prognathic face
o No African archaic H.sapiens posses the specific derived features that the SIm de los HUeso homins and othe erupeans claimed to share with Neandertals.

Asians:
o From Dali, Maba, Jinniushan, China range in age from 130K-200K
o Jinniushan: postcrania
o Yuxian: Two other crania, Difficult to interpret
o Narmada Valley: olderst hominin remains, dates perhaps 125K-150K. Initially classified as belonging to H.Erectus, then changed their ****ing mind. Cranial capacity of 1,150-1,400, more vertically sided
o Evidence shows that H. Sapiens came around 200K

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