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20 terms

AP Biology Hormones

Major human endocrine glands and some of their hormones.
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Oxytocin
Stimulates contraction of uterus and mammary gland cells.
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Promotes retention of water by kidneys.
Growth hormone (GH)
Stimulates growth (especially bones)and metabolic functions.
Prolactin (PRL)
Stimulates milk production and secretion.
Follice-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Stimulates production of ova and sperm.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Stimulates ovaries and testes.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Stimulates thyroid gland.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.
Triiogothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)
Stimulate and maintain metabolic processes.
Calcitonin
Lowers blood calcium level.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Raises blood calcium level.
Insulin
Lowers blood glucose level.
Glucagon
Raises blood glucose level.
Epinephrine and norepinephrine
Raises blood glucose level; increase metabolic activities; constrict certain blood vessels.
Glucocorticoids
Raise blood glucose level.
Mineralocorticoids
Promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys.
Androgens
Support sperm formation; promote development and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics.
Estrogens
Stimulate uterine lining growth; promote development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.
Progestins
Promote uterine lining growth.
Melatonin
Involved in biological rhythms.