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The stationary foundation of the curl


Section of pin curl between the base and first arc of the circle that gives the curl its direction and movement

Full-stem curl

Allows for the greatest movement


A section of hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls.

Open-center curls

Produce even, smooth waves and uniform curls

Triangular base pin curls

Recomended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splints in the finished hairstyle

Arc base pin curls

Most common know


Involves forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tention

Carved curls

The curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head are referred to as:

Skip waves

two rows of ridge curls, usually on the side of the head


Correct placement of clip

Barrel curls

Similar to a roller, but does not have the same tension as a roller when it is set


Correct placement of a roller


Back brushing

Blow drying

the process of drying & styling


blow dryer attachment that causes the hair to flow more softly and helps to accentuate or keep texural definition

Straight edge

Used to create smooth, straight styles, even on very curly hair


Heat is determined by:

Spiral curl

method of curling the hair by winding a strand around the rod. It creates hanging curls suitable for medium to long hairstyles

Hair pressing

method of teporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb

Medium press

technique removing 60 to 75 percent of the curl by applying a thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair using slightly more pressure.

Analysis of the hair and scalp

A cosmetologist can determine how much pressure the hair and scalp can handle without breakage, hair loss, or burning from a pressing comb that may not be adjusted to correct temperatures

Stainless steal or brass

Two types of pressing combs

Smoother press

A ______ ____ is produced by a pressing comb with less space between the teeth.

Hot baking soda solution

to clean the metal portion of the comb

Well balanced and well proportioned

when doing an updo, inspect the shape from every angle to make sure it is:

Inside and under

Placement of clip to prevent breakage of the hair on rollers

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