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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt-Section 1 Geography and Ancient Egypt
Terms in this set (22)
a triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river.
an Egyptian leader who united both upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom.
the title used by the rulers of Egypt.
a series of rulers from the same family.
Why was Egypt called the gift of the Nile?
The Nile provided them with food and water. it also provided silt which made growing crops and more food easier. Also the Nile branches out creating a delta with fertile land which attracted settlers to live there. the Nile was also a barrier when enemies came. it was too hard to cross desert and the nile cataracts were brutal and dangerous.
When did civilization develop along the Nile River?
After people began farming in this region.
What is the longest river in the world?
How long is the Nile River?
What made the soil ideal for farming and the land a dark color?
silt from the Nile River
What did Egyptian farmers grow?
wheat, barley, fruits, and vegetables
What two kingdoms were formed when the villages banded together?
Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt
Who unified all of Egypt?
Menes who was a strong king
How could a cataract serve as a natural protective barrier?
steep rapids made it difficult for outsider to sail in from the south.
What gifts did the Nile give to the land along its banks?
water, fine black silt, fertile soil
Why would hunter-gatherers be attracted to the banks of a river that floods every year?
The floods gave them fertile silt that that was ideal for farming. They were also very predictable so they could plan when the floods were coming and they could save water for dry years
Who is considered Egypt's first pharaoh and founded Egypt's first dynasty?
Where did Menes build a new capital city?
Southern tip of the Nile Delta
What was the new capital city later named?
How long did the first dynasty last?
Why did the pharaohs of the First Dynasty wear a double crown?
To show that they ruled both kingdoms
What was easy to predict and important to Egyptian agriculture?
The Nile floods
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