43 terms

Digestive system 🍔

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Peristalsis ..
Wavelike contractions of smooth muscle that move food down the esophagus
Liver
Produces bile and helps gallbladder
Purpose of bile?
Breakdown lipids or fats
Does not pass food to stomach
Larynx
Gallbladder
Stores bile salts
Stomach
Breaks down protein by acid (chemical digestion)
Pancreas
Secrets hormones
Large intestine (colon)
Absorbs water and stores waste
Flatus
Intestinal gas (poo smell)
Appendix
Vestigial, used for grinding rocks and soil
Small intestine
Breaks down lipids through villi
Parts of small intestine
Duodenum, jejunum , ileum
Villi
Projections in Small intestinal wall increases in surface area
Salivary glands
AIDS in chemical enzyme digestion
Bollus
Chyme (vomit)
Tongue
Pushes food into esophagus
Rectum
Stores and eliminates waste
Pharynx
Controls materials to go straight to the esophagus
Larynx
Part of throat which contains vocal chords
Esophagus
Transports materials to stomach
Enzyme that Digests proteins in the stomach
Pepsin
Name of the colon muscle
Taenia coli
Used for passing food down the esophagus
Mucus
Longest part of elementary canal
Small intestine
Ovula
Indicate infection
Mouth
Breaks down carbs
Epiglottis
Prevent food from entering trachea
Accessory digestive organs..
Liver, gallbladder, pancreas, appendix
Order food passes the body..
Mouth-esophagus-stomach-small intestine-large intestine-rectum-anus
Another name for small intestine
Colon
Pushes food back to the mouth prior to swallowing
Tongue
Used to cut, tear, and grind food
Teeth
Total number of teeth an adult has
32
Produces bile & detoxifies substances
Liver
Produces digestive juices released into the small intestine
Pancreas
Stores bile which breaks down fat droplets
Gallbladder
Carry swallowed food to stomach
Esophagus
Absorbs excess water from undigested food to be released from the body as solid waste
Large intestine
Projections extending from the walls of the small intestine involved in absorbing products of digestion
Villi
Mix food and passes food to small intestine
Stomach
Wavelike Muscular movement of materials along tract
Peristalsis
What is not a function of the liver
Production of methane (intestinal gas)
It is part of the digestive system, but does not digest.
Esophagus