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Terms in this set (60)

A child born with ambiguous genitalia constitutes a "social emergency"
Whether an ambiguously sexed child is assigned as a girl of a boy depends on "the degree of masculinization" or the potential to have a functional penis
What are the implications of this practice that "girl" becomes a category for anyone who is not masculine enough?


Is an umbrella term for variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads or genitalia that do not allow a person to be identified as distinctly male or female
Example, Klinefelter Syndrome (1 in 1,000 births) results from XXY sex chromosome


The study of gender involves looking very closely at the relationship between nature and nurture, and not assuming that one overshadows the other or that there is a clear line separating the two. It is common to think that there are only two sexes—male and female—and that all people fall into one group or the other, and indeed this is a way of imposing order in a chaotic world. But there is evidence to suggest that we need to embrace a more expansive definition of sex, one that goes beyond two rigid anddistinct categories.

About 1 babies in 1,000 are born intersexed, or hermaphroditic, which means having an abnormal chromosomal makeup and mixed or indeterminate male and female sex characteristics. This is a function of biological sex. Gender is different because it relates to the way that a person behaves and is based on biological sex. In other words, we learn how to act manly or womanly based on the sex that we're born as.

intersex society of north america - This organization advocates against the sex reassignment surgeries for infants with ambiguous genetalia.
Feminism seeks to get people to understand that gender is an organizing principle of life.
Gender structures social relations on unequal ground, and thus power is fundamentally at play when we talk about gender differences.



Holds that gender is a social phenomenon that shapes reality and organizes our lives.
Seeks to understand how gender is constructed and why it takes the forms that it does.
Feminism is an intellectual, consciousness-raising movement based on the idea that women and men should be accorded equal opportunities and respect.

The first wave was the earliest period of feminist activism and included the period from the mid-nineteenth century until American women won the right to vote in 1920. The campaign organized around gaining voting rights for women was called the suffrage movement.
The second wave was the period of feminist activity during the 1960s and 1970s, which is often associated with the issues of women's equal access to employment and education.
The third wave is the most recent period of feminist activity and focuses on issues of diversity and the variety of identities that women can possess.
The Suffrage Movements
19th and early 20th centuries in the US
Focus on equality
Right to vote, own property (even their children)
Concluded with the passage of the 19th amendment in 1920

1960s through the 1980s in the US
Focus on equity
Sexuality, family, reproductive rights, official legal inequalities
Equal Pay Act 1963, Civil Rights Act 1964


1990s through present
Postmodern feminism
Questioning the notion of universal womanhood
Reclaiming terms like "bitch" and "slut"