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Chapter 13: European Middle Ages
Terms in this set (37)
What were the Middle Ages?
Period of time in European history from about 500 to 1500.
A German people who held power in Gaul in the 500s were whom?
What is a monastery?
A Christian religious community in which members devote their lives to god.
What does secular mean?
Who was the family that ruled the Franks from 751 to 987 and built an empire in western Europe.
The Carolingian Dynasty,.
Who was Charlemagne?
Ruler in the Carolinigian Dynasty who reunited western Europe and spread Christianity through the region.
What is a sacrament?
Important Christian religious rite that paved the way for achieving salvation.
What is the Holy Roman Empire?
German-Italian empire that was the strongest state in Europe from 962 to about 1100.
In the Middle Ages, a ___________ was a lord's estate.
A person who recieved land from a lord was called a ___________.
A ___________ was a peasant, or worker, who was bound to the land.
Peasant families paid the village priest a church tax called a ___________.
A ___________ was land granted by a lord in exchange for military protection and other services.
In a ceremony called ___ ________, kings or nobles appointed church officals.
When Gregory I became pope, he broadened the scope of authority for his office into __________ power.
The most powerful person in the Frankish kingdom in 700 was known as _______ ______.
When Pepin the short became "king by the grace of God" this began ____________ _________.
The three sons of Louis signed the ______ ____ _______ which divided the Empire to three Kingdoms.
Treaty of Verdun.
___________ is considered to have been the first nun of the Benedictine order.
What was the main reasion why feudalism developed in Europe?
Europeans were in fear from raids (Vikings and Magyars) and there was no strong central government so local leaders had to protect.
What were the main ideas behind feudalism?
Europeans developed feudalism, a political and military system of protective alliances and relation ships.
Who were the Vikings?
Germanic people sometimes referred to as Northmen or Norsemen.
Who were the knights?
Mounted horsemen who pledged to defend their lords' lands in exchange for their own land.
How did feudal lords in Western Europe in the 11th century defend their territories?
They raised private armies of knights in exchange for military services.
How were the lives of a noblewoman and peasant women in the Middle Ages different?
RW: Supervised Home.
PW: Field Work.
How did invading armies go about attacking a castle?
A trebuchet or a battering ram might be used
How did some of the troubadours' songs promote a false image of knights and noblewomen?
The Code of Chivalry - made knights more romantic and perfect than they really were.
Love songs and poems - put women on a pedestal of always being beautiful and pure.
What were tournaments?
Mock battles in which knights participated to gain experience.
What is the Code of Chivarlry?
A code of ideals that required that knights were loyal, and fight bravely in defense of three masters: his feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady.
What is a Tortoise (not refering to the animal...)?
A strucutre that rolled on wheels and shielded soliders from arrows above.
Who were traubadours?
Traveling poet-musicians who performed short verese and songs about romantic love in the castles and courts of Europe.
What was a clergy?
The bishops and priests who the pope in Rome had authority over.
What was a canon law?
Medival Christians, whether rich or poor, had to follow the rules of the Church.
What were sacraments?
Religious ceremonies that led to achieving salvation.
How did popes in the 11th century use excommunication and interdicts as political tools?
He thretened to banish them from the church and not save their people.
What was the Concordat of Worms?
It was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near the city of Worms.
What happened at the Battle of Legnano?
In 1176, the foot soldiers of the Lombard League faced Frederick's army of mounted knights at the Battle of Legnano. Frederick l was defeated, and made peace with the pope.
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