a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
unrelieved stress that continues to tax a person's resources to the point of exhaustion
An episode marking a transition point in the life course that provokes coping and readjustment.
Conflict that results from having to choose between two attractive alternatives
Conflict that results from having to choose between two distasteful alternatives
Conflict that results from having to choose an alternative that has both attractive and unappealing aspects
Multiple Approach-Avoidance Conflict
a conflict in which one must choose between options that have both many attractive and many negative aspects
Situations that threaten your own or others' physical safety, arousing feelings of fear, horror, or helplesness.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
an anxiety disorder that involves enduring psychological disturbance attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event; characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal; jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
Type A Behavior Pattern
A behavior pattern marked by a sense of time urgency, impatience, excessive competitiveness, hostility, and anger; considered a risk factor in coronary heart disease.
Type B Behavior Pattern
a pattern of behavior characterized by relaxed, noncompetitive, easygoing, and accommodating behavior
stress resulting from the need to change and adapt a person's ways to the majority culture
The father of "modern stress theory." Defined eustress and distress. Stated that stress is a mutual action of forces in the body.General Adaptation Syndrome
General Adaptation Syndrome
Seyle's concept that the body responds to stress with alarm, resistance and exhaustion
first stage of the general adaptation syndrome, involving mobilization of the body's resurces to cope with an immediate stressor
a physical reaction triggered by the sympathetic nervous system preparing the body to fight or run from a threatening situation
second stage of the general adaptation syndrome, characterized by the body's attempt to adjust or adapt to persistent stress
third stage of the general adaptation syndrome, characterized by depletion of bodily resources and a lowered resistance to stress-related disorders or conditions
Corticotrophin-Releasing Hormone (CRH)
released by the hypothalamus
that signals the release of ACTH
by the anterior pituitary gland.
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys. the adrenals secrete the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline), which help to arouse the body in times of stress.
adrenal hormones that increase the body's resistance to stress by increasing the availability of stored nutrients to meet the increased energy demands of coping with stressful events
the ourter part of the adrenal gland that secretes many hormones, including cortisone and aldosterone
exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress or frustration
Coronary Heart Disease
the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries
a chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
characterized by periodic attacks of pain, nausea, increased sensitivity to light and sound