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136 terms

CBA COURSE VOCABULARY

STUDY
PLAY
Application Software
computer software created to allow the user to perform specific a job or task
Central Processing Unit
executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several
processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer
File Management System
A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy, or delete files, folders, or an entire file system
File Type
an extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document
Input Device
data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse
Logon
the action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called Login/Sign In
Memory
computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Operating System
software that acts as a "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Output Device
allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones, or speakers
Peripheral
additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used
Save
storing data for later use
Save As
a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name, or file type) before saving it
Storage Device
external hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
System Software
software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application
software, and file management
System Unit
a computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage
Destination File
the file that an object is embedded in or linked to
Embedded File
a file that becomes part of the current file but is a separate object that can be edited using the application that created it
Integration
the sharing or combining of data between applications
Linking
placing a copy of an object or data in a destination file that will update when changes are made to the source file
Merge
a feature that combines a data document with a main document to mass produce personalized letters or other documents
Unit
Ascending
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest
Database
a collection of organized data that allows access, retrieval, and use of data
Data Type
indicates the type of data that can be stored in a field
Descending
sort order arranging text or numbres from Z to A, from largest to smallest, or from latest to earliest
Field
a single characteristic of data that appears in a table as a column
Field Name
a name that identifies a field
Form
a database view that allows the user to see all fields for one record and enter them one at a time
Primary Key
a field that uniquely identifies a record in a table
Query
a question presented in a way that allows the database to process and generate specific data from one or more tables
Record
a collection of fields that appear as a row in a database or table
Report
a document that uses data from tables and/or queries, the user controls which items in the database will appear in the report and how it is filtered or sorted
Sort
to arrange a list of words or numbers in ascending or descending oreder
Table
a database view of information arranged in a grid of rows and columns
Alignment
how the edges of a line, paragraph, object, or table are positioned horizontally and vertically between the margins or on a page
Ascending
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest
Automatic Page Break
a feature that automatically generates a new page, allowing text to flow to the new page when space runs out on the
previous one; also known as a Soft Page Break
Borders
lines around the edge(s) of text, a page, a cell, or a table
Bullets and Numbering
a feature in a word processing application that allows the user to create outlines or itemized lists with either icons or
numbers
Clip Art
a feature that includes pre-made illustrations, drawings, pictures, and other graphic that can be inserted into a document
Column
one of two or more vertical sections of printed material on a page; usually separated by margins
Copy and Paste
a feature that allows a user to select text or a graphic, duplicate it and place it in another location within a document
Cut and Paste
a feature that allows a user to select text or a graphic, remove it from its current location and place it in another location within a
document
Descending
sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest
Desktop Publishing
through the use of a personal computer, combining text and graphics to produce a high-quality documents, such as newsletters,
flyers, brochures, etc.
Drag and Drop
a feature that allows a user to select text using a mouse or pointing device, and quickly move (drag) it to a different location
Edit
to make changes by adding, deleting, or modifying text, graphics, or other items in a document
Find and Replace
a feature that scans a document, searches for occurrences of specific text, symbols or formatting, and allows a user to replace it
with new text, symbols or formatting
Font
the size, style, and design of text
Footer
text appearing at the bottom of each page, separate from the main body of a text
Format
in word processing, to utilize features that enhance the appearance and overall layout of text, graphics, tables within a document
Graphics
drawings, pictures, or other illustrations inserted in a document to either explain data or enhance the appearance of text on a page
Hard Return
a break in a line or a paragraph that is forced by the user when the return key is pressed, creating a new paragraph
Header
text appearing at the top of each page, separate from the main body of text
Indent
to move text horizontally away from the left or right margin, setting it apart from surrounding text
Landscape Orientation
a page layout in which documents are printed across the length of a page, making the page wider than it is tall
Line Spacing
the amount of space between lines of text
Manual Page Break
page break the end user forces into a document, creating a new page at a specific location; also known as a Hard Page Break
Margins
the white space surrounding the content of a page at the top, bottom, left and right sides, defining where a line of text begins and ends
Print Preview
a feature that allows the user to view a document onscreen and make necessary formatting changes prior to printing it
Point Size
the measurement, or size of a font (text); each point is approximately 1/72 of an inch
Portrait Orientation
a page layout in which documents are printed across the width of a page, making the page taller than it is wide
Shading/Fill
the background color of a cell, table, or page
Sort
to arrange a list alphabetically (text) or numerically (numbers), in ascending or descending order
Spell Check
a feature used to automatically locate and correct spelling errors
Tab Stop
a formatting feature that allows the user to control where a line of text will be entered and how the text will be aligned; so that when the tab
key is pressed, the insertion point will move to that location
Table
a set of data arranged in a grid of rows and columns
Template
a feature that includes pre-made documents that allow the user to fill-in-the blanks to create new documents, such as calendars, invoices,
reports, resumes, etc.; enhances user's efficiency and creativit
Thesaurus
a feature that allows the user to view synonyms and antonyms, and automatically replace words for enhanced writing
View
a feature that allows the user to view the current page of a document onscreen in a different ways
Word Processing
the use of software application to create, edit, format, print and save text-based documents, such as letters, reports, and memos
Word Wrap
also called a soft return; a feature that automatically moves text to the next line when the previous line is full without the user pressing
the enter key
Word Art
text created as a graphic image
Wrap Text
a feature that allows text to be included with pictures, shapes, or tables without covering or hiding under the image, giving the user control over how the text is position
Electronic Mail
transmission of messages and files using a computer network
Fax
a document generated by using a facsimile machine
Internet
a vast network of computers linked to one another
Intranet
a company's private network of computers
Local Area Network
a computer network that covers a small area
Network
computers that are connected to each other
Online
computers that are connected and ready to receive and/or transmit data
Protocol
the rules that must be observed for two electronic devices to communicate with each other
Stand alone
a computer that is not connected to a network
Telecommunications
transmitting information and communicating electronically
Uniform Resource Locator
Internet address that identifies hypertext documents
World Wide Web
a system of computers that share information by means of links on web pages
Presentation
An application that allows the user to create and save slides to use as a slide show
Normal View
The default view in a presentation, which contains the slide pane, the outline pane, the task pane, and the notes pane
Slide Sorter View
A view that displays all slides simultaneously in miniature form
Outline View
A view that displays text in an outline format
Slide Show View
Runs slides as they will appear during a presentation
Transition
A feature that can be applied in presentations to control the way slides move on and off the screen
Animation
The way text and objects move on and off a slide during a slide show
Graphic
An image or object created or inserted into a document that illustrates the text or makes the page more attractive
Design Template/Theme
Prepared designs that can be applied to presentation slides that include patterns, formatting, and color schemes
Placeholder
A boxed outline on a slide that can be used to insert text or an object when clicked
Slide Layout
The arrangement of placeholders on a slide
Handouts
A print option that allows you to choose the number of slides displayed per page and places a thumbnail, or small picture, of each slide on the page
Notes Page
Printouts that contain the slide image in the top half of the page and the speaker's notes in the lower half of the page
Absolute cell reference
cell reference that does not adjust to the new cell location when copied or moved
Active cell
a selected worksheet cell that is ready for data entry
Alignment
the position of data within a cell
Argument
value, cell reference, range, or text that acts as an operand in a function formula
Ascending
sort order arranging text or numbers from A to Z, from smallest to largest, or from earliest to latest
Autosum
a function that automatically adds the values in the cells directly above or to the left of the active cell
AVERAGE
returns the average (arithmetic means) of its arguments
Cell
the space formed by the intersection of a row and a column; the basic unit of a worksheet
Cell reference
a unique identifier for a cell which is formed by combining the cell's column letter and row number
Chart/graph
a graphic representation of values and their relationships: pie, line, column, bar, scattered
Column
vertical group of cells in a worksheet identified by letters
Column Chart
a chart that uses bars of varying height to illustrate values in a worksheet
COUNT
returns the number of cells in a range that contains numbers
Descending
sort order arranging text or numbers from Z to A, largest to smallest, or latest to earliest
Fill
to copy a cell's contents and/or formatting into an adjacent cell or range
Format
arranging the shape, size, type, and general makeup of a cell or group of cells
Formula
an equation that calculates a new value using values currently on a worksheet
Freeze
keeps selected rows or columns visible on the screen as the rest of the worksheet scrolls
Function
a prewritten formula that makes it easy to perform common calculations
Label
alphanumeric text that will not be used in calculations
Line Chart
a chart that uses points connected by a line to illustrate values in a worksheet
MAX
returns the largest value in a set of values
MIN
returns the smallest value in a set of values
Mixed cell reference
a cell reference that contains both relative and absolute references
Operand
a number or cell reference used in a formula
Operator
a symbol that indicates what mathematical operation to perform on the operands: plus (+), minus (-), multiply (*), divide (/)
Order of Operation
the mathematical rules used for calculating the value of a formula
Pie Chart
a chart that shows the relationship of a part to a whole
Range
selected group of cells on a worksheet identified by the cell in the upper left corner and the cell in the lower right corner, separated by a colon
Relative Cell reference
cell reference that adjusts to a new location when copied or moved
Row
a horizontal group of cells in a worksheet identified by numbers
Sort
to arrange a list of words or numbers in ascending or descending order
Spreadsheet
a grid of rows and columns containing numbers, text, and formulas used to perform calculations
SUM
adds all the numbers in a range of cells
Value
numeric characters that can be used in a calculation
What-if analysis
process of changing values in cells to see how those changes affect the outcome of formulas in the worksheet
Workbook
a collection of related worksheets
Worksheet
the workspace made up of columns and rows where data is entered to create an electronic spreadsheet