18 terms

Chapter 12 - The Americas ; Pre - Cplumbian Empires To Colonies

Pre - Columbian Empires
Historians referred to it like that because they existed in the Americas before the arrival of the explorer columbus in 1493
Developed a complex civilization in present day guatemala.
The Inca Empire developed along the Pacific coast and in the Andes Mountains of South America ; they grew potatoes ; built roads and stone buildings.
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Prince Henry
Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Vasco De Gama
A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and large pink to orange flowers
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Encomienda System
priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory
New France
Name of French colony in Canada
New Netherland
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
Atlantic Slave Trade
Lasted from 16th century until the 19th century. Trade of African peoples from Western Africa to the Americas. One part of a three-part economical system known as the MIddle Passage of the Triangular Trade.
"Middle Passage"
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade