How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

43 terms

Milady's Esthetics Chapter 12 Chemistry Ingredients and Selection

STUDY
PLAY
Cosmetic Act of 1938
Distinguishes between drugs and cosmetics. Drugs affect function or structure, cosmetics promote attractiveness altering the appearance.
Functional Ingredients
Allow products to spread, give them body and texture, and give them a specific form such as a lotion or a cream.
Performance ingredients
Cause
actual changes in the appearance of the skin.
Cosmeceuticals
Strong performance ingredients intended to improve the skin's health and appearance.
Anhydrous
No water.
Emollients
Fatty materials-plant or animal derived-vehicle or performance ingredient
Lubricants
Coat the skin and reduce friction
Fatty Acids
derived from plant oils or animal fats
fatty alcohols
fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen
fatty esters
produced from fatty acids and fatty alcohols
silicones
oils chemically combined with silicone and oxygen, leave a noncomedogenic protective film on the surface of the skin.
Comedogenicity
the tendency of any topical substance to cause or worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle.
Surfactants
Reduce the surface tension between the skin and the product.
Detergents
Primarily a surfactant used to cleanse, form an emulsion to lift dirt and oil from the skin.
Emulsifiers
surfactants that cause oil and water to mix and form an emulsion
Oil soluble/water soluble
mixable substances
Gellants
Give products gel like consistency
Carbomers
Thicken creams
Aromatherapy
Therapeutic use of plant aromas and essential oils
Preservatives
Prevent bacteria and other microorganisms from living in a product.
Chelating Agents
Chemical added to cosmetics to improve the efficiency of a preservative.
Antioxidants
substances that inhibit oxidation reactions.
Certified colors
Synthetic, inorganic, metal salts.
Colorants
substances such as vegetable, pigment, or mineral dyes that give products color.
Noncertified Colors
Organic, plant extracts, natural pigments
Ph Adjuster
acids or alkalies
Solvents
Dissolve other ingredients
Botanicals
ingredients derived from plants
Healing agents
chamomile, licorice, azulene, and aloe, that heal the skin.
Hydrators(humectants)
attract water to the skin's surface
Lipids
Used to improve hydration, plumpness, and smoothness of skin.
Exfoliation
Removal of dead corneum cells
Alpha Hydroxy Acids of Beta Hydroxy Acids
Work by loosening the bond between cells in the surface of the corneum
Enzyems
Dissolve keratin proteins on the surface of the skin. Maintain the hydration level of the epidermis
Delivery Systems
Deliver ingredients to specific tissues of the epidermis
Vehicles
Spreading agents and carrying bases nescessary for the formulation of a cosmetic.
Liposomes
Closed lipid bilaryer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, targeted delivery, controled release
Polymers
Chemical compounds formed by a number of small molecules
Antioxidants
Neutralize free radicals before they can attach themselves to the cell membrane and destroy the cell
Polyglucans
Help strengthen the immune system and stimulate the metabolism
Tissue Repair Factor (TRF)
Functions as anti inflammatory and moisturizing agent.
Peptides
Chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in the skin's appearance.
Peptides
Chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in the skins appearance