Milady's Esthetics Chapter 12 Chemistry Ingredients and Selection
Cosmetic Act of 1938
Distinguishes between drugs and cosmetics. Drugs affect function or structure, cosmetics promote attractiveness altering the appearance.
Allow products to spread, give them body and texture, and give them a specific form such as a lotion or a cream.
actual changes in the appearance of the skin.
Strong performance ingredients intended to improve the skin's health and appearance.
Fatty materials-plant or animal derived-vehicle or performance ingredient
Coat the skin and reduce friction
derived from plant oils or animal fats
fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen
produced from fatty acids and fatty alcohols
oils chemically combined with silicone and oxygen, leave a noncomedogenic protective film on the surface of the skin.
the tendency of any topical substance to cause or worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle.
Reduce the surface tension between the skin and the product.
Primarily a surfactant used to cleanse, form an emulsion to lift dirt and oil from the skin.
surfactants that cause oil and water to mix and form an emulsion
Oil soluble/water soluble
Give products gel like consistency
Therapeutic use of plant aromas and essential oils
Prevent bacteria and other microorganisms from living in a product.
Chemical added to cosmetics to improve the efficiency of a preservative.
substances that inhibit oxidation reactions.
Synthetic, inorganic, metal salts.
substances such as vegetable, pigment, or mineral dyes that give products color.
Organic, plant extracts, natural pigments
acids or alkalies
Dissolve other ingredients
ingredients derived from plants
chamomile, licorice, azulene, and aloe, that heal the skin.
attract water to the skin's surface
Used to improve hydration, plumpness, and smoothness of skin.
Removal of dead corneum cells
Alpha Hydroxy Acids of Beta Hydroxy Acids
Work by loosening the bond between cells in the surface of the corneum
Dissolve keratin proteins on the surface of the skin. Maintain the hydration level of the epidermis
Deliver ingredients to specific tissues of the epidermis
Spreading agents and carrying bases nescessary for the formulation of a cosmetic.
Closed lipid bilaryer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, targeted delivery, controled release
Chemical compounds formed by a number of small molecules
Neutralize free radicals before they can attach themselves to the cell membrane and destroy the cell
Help strengthen the immune system and stimulate the metabolism
Tissue Repair Factor (TRF)
Functions as anti inflammatory and moisturizing agent.
Chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in the skin's appearance.
Chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in the skins appearance