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24 terms

CS 110 Chapter 9

STUDY
PLAY
Systems deveopment life cycle (SDLC)
The overall process for developing information systems from planning and analysis through implementation and maintenance
Planning phase
Establishes a high-level plan of the intended project and determines project goals
Analysis phase
Involoves analyzing end-user business requirements and refining project goals into defined functions and oeprations of the intended system
Business requirement
Specific business requests the system must meet to be successful
Design phase
Establishes descriptions of the desired features and operations of the system including screen layouts, business rules, process diagrams, pseudo code, and other documentation
Development phase
Involves taking all the detailed design documents from the design phase and transforming them into the actual system
Testing Phase
Involves bringing all the project pieces together into a special testing environment to eliminate errors and bugs, and verify that the system meets all of the business requirements defined in the analysis phase
Implementation phase
Involves placing the system into production so users can begin to perform actual business operations with it
Maintenance phase
Involves performing changes, corrections, additions, and upgrades to ensure the system continues to meet its business goals
Waterfall methodology
A sequence of phases in which the output of each phase becomes the input for the next
Extreme programming (XP) methodology
Breaks a project into tiny phases, and developers cannot continues on to the next phase until the first phase is complete
Project
Temporary activities undertaken to create a unique product or service
Project management
The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements
Project manager
An individual who is an expert in project planning and management, defines and develops the project plan, and tracks the plan to ensure the project is completed on time and on budget
Project deliverable
Any measurable, tangible, verifiable outcome, result, or item that is produced to complete a project or part of a project
Project milestone
Represents key dates when a certain group of activities must be performed
Project Management Office (PMO)
An internal department that oversees all organizational projects
Project stakeholder
Individuals and organizations actively involved in the project or whose interests might be affected as a result of project execution or project completion
Executive sponsor
The person or group who provides the financial resources for the project
Project charter
A document issued by the project initiator or sponsor that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities
SMART
________ criteria are useful reminders on how to ensure that the project has created understandable and measurable objectives
Project plan
A formal, approved document that manages and controls project execution
In-sourcing
uses the professional expertise within an organization to develop and maintain its information technology systems
Outsourcing
An arrangement by which one organization provides a service or services for another organization that chooses not to perform them in-house