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47 terms

medical terminology 2

test 9 and 10
STUDY
PLAY
_____ is an inflammationof both the renal pelvis and the kidney. This is usually caused by a bacterial infection that has spread from the bladder.
pyelonephritis
What is the outer layer of the kidney?
cortex
Which conditions is the abnormal narrowing of the tube that carries urine out of the body?
urethrostenosis
T/FUrethral meatus is the external opening of the urethraadder.
True
This condition is a chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder.
Interstitial cystitis
The placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall is known as _____ catheterization.
suprapubic
Which condition is the formation or discharge of pus in the kidney?
nephropyosis
Which term describes the surgical repair of the tube extending from the kidney to the bladder?
Ureteroplasty
Which term describes a radiographic study of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder without use of a contrast material?
KUB
T/F Neurogenic bladder is caused by inerference with the nerve pathways associated with urination
True
Excessive fear of spiders is ________.
Arachnophobia
Which condition of a young child is characterized by the inability to develop normal social relationships?
autism
A condition in which an individual acts as if he/she has a physical or mental illness when he/she is not really sick is
factitious disorder
Which condition is the inflammation of a nerve causing pain through the thigh and leg?
sciatica
Inflammation of the brain is:
encephalitis
Which condition is an intense burning pain after an injury to a sensory nerve?
causalgia
Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?
cerebrum
The _____ lobe of the cerebrum controls motor functions.
frontal
A bundle of nerve fibers that carry nerve impulses toward the brain is known as a/an ______.
ascending tract
The inner surgace of the skull is lined with ____.
dura mater
An intravenous ______ is a radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters used to diagnose changes in the urinary tract.
pyelogram
A ________nephrolithotomy is a performed by making a small incision in the skin of the back and inserting a nephroscope to crush and remove a kidney stone.
percutaneous
A/an ________ is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system and the genitourinary system of males.
urologist
THe term ______ means scanty urination.
oliguria
The swelling of one or both kidneys due to an obstruction in the flow of urine is known as _____.
hydronephrosis
The term ______describes the distention of a ureter.
ureterectasis
Urinary______ is difficulty in starting a urinary stream.
hesitancy
The procedure which clears a kidney from adhesions is called_______.
nephrolysis
An incision into the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening is an______.
meatotomy
The insertion of a sterile tube through the urethra and into the urianry bladder is known as ______.
catheterization or urinary catheterization
An inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain or spinal cord is known as ______.
meningitis
The condition of excessive sensitivity to stimuli is known as _______.
hyperesthesia
______is a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols.
dyslexia
A/an______is a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia but is not a physician.
anesthetist
Elevated______pressure(ICP) can be due to a tumor, an injury, or improper drainage of cerbrospinal fluid.
intracranial
The medical term for the condition that is commonly known as fainting is______.
syncope
A/an______is a physician specializing in diagnosing and treating chemical dependencies and mental illness.
psychiatrist
T/F Thee prostate-specific antigen blood test is used to screen for enlargement of the prostate gland
False
T/f A urinary tract infection usually begins within the kidney.
Fals
T/F The term nephropathy means any disease of the kidney
True
T/F Renal failure is the inability of one or both kidneys to perform their functions.
True
T/F Urine is the major waste product of protein metabolism
False
T/F Nephroptosis, also known as a floating kidney, is the prolapse of a kidney.
True
T/F Tetanus is characterized by vomiting and confusion
False
T/F A transient ischemic attack is an episode of bleeding in the brain that causes numbness, blurred vision, dizziness, or loss of balance.
False
T/F Kleptomania is a disorder characterized by the repeated stealing of objects neither for personal us nor for their monetary value
True
T/F Cognitive therapy focuses on changing cognitions or thoughts that are affecting a person's emotions and actions.
True