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west of the Ganges River, this river establishes a relatively dry plateau that forms the backbone of the modern state of Pakistan
in Hinduism, the divine law that rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their status in society
a religions doctrine introduced in northern India in the sixth century B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One"
founder of Buddism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha
Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to India in search of documents about the teachings of the Buddha
Earliest known Indian literature, which contains religious chants and stories that were originally passed down orally from generation to generation and then recorded in Sanskrit after writing developed
most famous mathematician of the Gupta Empire and the first scientist known to have used algebra
stretches across China for roughly 2,900 miles also known as the Yellow River; yellow silt for farming
(Yangtze River) the longest river in Asia, flowing about 3,400 miles from central China to the Yellow Sea
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
Mandate of Heaven
claim by Chinese kings of the Zhou dynasty that they had direct authority from heaven to rule and to keep order in the universe
the duty of family members to subordinate their needs and desires to those of the male head of the family
a popular philosophy developed in China toward the end of the Zhou dynasty; it proposes that human beings are evil by nature and can only be brought to the correct path by harsh laws
South China Sea
a tropical arm of the Pacific Ocean near southeastern Asia subject to frequent typhoons
a key step in achieving nirvana, the root of both the word Buddhism and Buddha, means "wisdom"
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