columbus encounter with the peoples of the americas quickly led to an important exchange of products and ideas
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
native american people that settled in teh Valley of Mexico in the 1200s a.d. and later developed a powerful empire
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
vasco da gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763. (p. 489)
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam