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18 terms

The Americas: pre columbian empires to colonies

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pre-columbian empires
columbus encounter with the peoples of the americas quickly led to an important exchange of products and ideas
maya
developed a complex civilization in present day guatemala
inca
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
aztec
native american people that settled in teh Valley of Mexico in the 1200s a.d. and later developed a powerful empire
prince henry
Portuguese leader who started a school for navigators
christopher columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
columbian exchange
The exchange of goods and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
vasco da gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
ferdinand magellan
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
hernando cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
conquistadores
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
montezuma
Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors
francisco pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
encomienda
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
new france
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763. (p. 489)
new netherland
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
atlantic slave trade
the buying, transporting, and selling of africans for work in the americas
middle passage
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade