134 terms

MSP Vocabulary a-z

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identical
the same
identify
To establish the identity of
inch (in.)
1/12th of a foot, 2.54 centimeters
increase
to add to
ex. my puppy's weight will increase when she grows.
inherited
To receive a characteristic from one's parents by genetic transfer. Ex. I inherited my brown hair from my mother.
input
something added to a system.
Ex. Pedaling the bike was Cassie's input; the output was the wheels rolling.
invent
To come up with a new way to solve a problem or do a task.
invention
a new device or process created to solve a problem or do a task.
investigation
A scientific experiment performed to answer a question
kilogram (kg)
A measurement of mass in the metric system equal to 1000 grams (g)
kilometer (km)
A measurement of length in the metric system equal to 1000 meters (m)
lamp
a device that generates heat
light energy
power derived from sunshine or light bulbs
liquid
a state of matter wherein matter can flow and cannot be compressed.
liter (L)
A measurement of volume in the metric system. 1000 milliliters (mL)
living
biotic; alive
logical
stands to reason; makes sense
machine
a mechanism designed to do work
magnetic
capable of being attracted to a magnet
magnetism
the force exerted by a magnetic field
mass
the amount of matter an object has; expressed in grams (g)
material
what something is made of
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
measure
to quantify or count (length, mass, volume, amount)
measured (responding) variable
In an experiment, the change that we count or measure. Ex. In our erosion experiment, the amount of sediment that eroded was our responding variable.
melt
to change state from a solid to a liquid.
meter (m)
A measurement of distance in the metric system. Equal to 1000millimeters (mm).
mile (mi)
A measurement of distance in standard measurement (US) = 5,280 feet.
milliliter (mL)
1/1000th of a Liter
millimeter (mm)
1/1000th of a Meter
mineral nutrient
substances derived from rock or soil; essential for the health of plants and animals. Ex. my tomato plant turned yellow when it was missing mineral nutrients in its soil.
absorb
to soak up or take in
affect
to bring about a change in.
amount
quanity of something
attract
to pull toward, as in N and S poles of magnets attract
balance
scale used to measure mass
cause
a justification for something existing or happening;
centimeter (cm)
a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
changed (manipulated) variable
variable changed in an experiment
characteristic
A physical attribute of an organism, such as hair color, height, color pattern, etc.
classify
assign to a class or kind
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
compost
a mixture of decaying vegetation
conclude
reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation
condensation
the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
conserve
use cautiously and frugally
consumer
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
cycle
something that happens over and over in the same way
data
a set of numerical results gathered from an experiment
evidence
information gathered from observations
decomposer
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organic matter
demonstrate
to explain or teach by showing
depend
to rely on for support
describe
tell all about
design
make or work out a plan for
diagram
a labeled drawing showing parts of a system
diameter
a straight line connecting the center of a circle with two points on its perimeter (or the center of a sphere with two points on its surface)
direction
the spatial relation between something and the course along which it points or moves
dissolve
to make or become liquid
Earth
the 3rd planet from the sun
earthquake
shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
echo
a reply that repeats what has just been said
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
lung
an organ in the respiratory system, where carbon dioxide and oxygen are exchanged
machine
(simple) a device that makes work easire by changing the size or direction of the force applied to it.
magnetic
having the property of attracting iron and steel
melt
to become a liquid from a solid by the addition of heat
meter (m)
the basic unit of length in the metric system
mile (mi)
unit of measure equal to 5,280 feet
mililiter (ml)
1/1000 of a liter
model
a representation or explanation of how a system works or is constructed; the representation of an object or process
molecule
the smallest particle of a substance that still has the properties of that substance
moon
a natural object that revolves around a planet
mountain
an elevated area of land at least 2,000 feet about the surroundig landscape
nonliving
not endowed with life;
nutrient
a chemical needed for the maintenance, growth, and development of an organism
ocean
the entire body of salt water tha covers more than 70% of the Earth's surface
orbit (revolve)
path an object in space follows as it revolves around another object, such as Earth around the sun or a satellite around Earth
orbit (revolution)
movement in a circle or cruve around a central point or axis. One revolution of the Earth around the sun takes a year.
organism
a living thing
organize
to put together in an orderly manner
ounce
a measure of weight equal to 1/16 of a pound. Also, a measure of volume; one fluid ounce is equal to 1/16 of a liquid pint.
oxygen
a chemical treatmet important for most forms of life. A gas that makes up approximately 1/5 of the atmosphere; combines with hydrogen to form water
pitch
the highness or lowness of a sound;
planet
a large body that travels in orbit around a star; usually smaller than a star and does not give off heat or light
pound (lb)
a unit of mass equal to 16 ounces
precipitation
water falling from the clouds in any form, such as snow, ice, raindrops or drizzle; the separation of a solid from a solution
prediction
a guess based on information and experience
problem
anything thrown forward, a question proposed for a solution
procedure
the method used to obtain information
process
to calculate and handle data
producer
organisms that make their own food, such as a planet or as photosynthetic alga
property
a characteristic of an object that helps us to identify it.
pulley
a machine consisting of a wheel with a grooved rim in which a rope can run to change the direction of the pull.
question
to seek for, ask, inquire
rate
a comparison of a quantity to a unit of time, expression as a fraction, such as 40 km/hr
reproduce
to make more individuals of the same species from a parent organism or organisms
result
the consequence of a particular action, operation, or course; an outcome
river
a large, natural stream of water that flows into another body of water
root
the part of the planet that grows downward and provides support and uptake of water and nutrients
sea
one of the larger bodies of water, less than an ocean, found on the earth's surface
seed
the small part of a plant found in a flower or fruit from which a new plant can grow.
skeleton
the system that includes all of the bones of the body
soil
the mixture of humus and earth materials in which plants often grow
solid
a material having definite shape and volume.
sort
to put objects with the same properties into groups.
sound
energy that travels through matter as mechancial waves and can be heard by the ear
speed
the distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time
spin (rotate)
to turn quickly in a circle, to rotate quickly
spring scale
a balance that measure weight by the tension on a helical spring
sprout
to begin to grow, a new growht on a plant
state of matter
the three conditions that matter can exist in or the forms that matter can take - solid, liquid or gas.
stem
the main part of the plant that holds the leaves, flowers or fruit
stored energy
a stock or supply of energy reserved fro future use.
stream
a flow of water in a channel
structure
something built by people; any identifiable part or appendage of an organism; the arrangement or organization of parts
substance
that which has mass and occupies space, matter, material of a particular kind or constituion. , that which has mass and occupies space
sun
a star around which other planets revolve
stable
so placed as to resist forces tending to cause motion; of such structure as to resist distortion or molecular or chemical disturbance
system
a set of objects that are related in some way and can be isolated for study, a group of things or parts that forms a whole
temperature
a measure of how hot or cold something is
texture
how the surface of an object looks or feels
thaw
to melt anything that is frozen
thermometer
a tool used to measure temperature
tool
a device that is used to do something
vapor
the result of heating a solid or liquid until it becomes a gas.
variable
something that can be changed and that might make a difference in the outcome of an experiment.
variable changed
manipulated
variable kept the same
controlled
vibration
a rapid back and forth movement
volcano
hill or mountain formed by material that erupts onto Earth's surface; caused by action of magma below surface
weight
how heavy something is
wind
moving air
yard
unit of measure that equals 3 feet, or 36 inches.