Chapters 26 and 27
All main idea questions, told terms, and things to know for the test
Terms in this set (65)
Gi Bill of Rights
Helped veterans returning from war by encouraging them to go to school and giving them a year of ensured unemployment benefits. (1944)
Away-From-City residential zones designed for people who wanted affordable housing outside the busy city, where a commute would be short. They led to the popularization of the automobile, as the became a necessity for many. The homes could be built for 7,000$.
What problems did americans face after World War 2?
-Men came back from war, and took women's jobs
-Divorce rate increased
-Many defense workers were laid off
-Many coming back from war were unemployed
-Prices inflated to 125%
What factors contributed to American post-war economic boom
-People had lots of money saved up from the war, and had money to spend.
-People started buying automobiles and houses
-Demand outstripped supply, and increased production
-The Cold War contributed, because we had high defense spending, (employing people)
-Foreign aid programs (Marshall Plan) created a strong export-market
Harry S. Truman
Became president in 1945 when FDR died. Widely considered honorable and down to earth.
What actions did Truman take to avert labor strikes?
-4.5 million people went on strike in 1946, Truman threatened to draft the striking workers, and threatened to take control of mines and railroads.
How did Truman use his executive power to advance civil rights?
By de-segregating the military, and trying to pass anti-lynching and anti-poll tax laws.
Southern Democrats, nominated Strom Thurman against Truman.
What were some of Truman;s achievements as president?
-He raised minimum wage from .40 to .75$/hour
-He extended the coverage of Social Security to 10M
-Initiated flood control and irrigation projects
-Provided financial support for cities to clear out slums and make housing for low-income families
Extended the New Deal, proposed for nation-wide compulsory health-care, and a steady income for farmers. This FAILED.
What caused the tension between the USSR and the US after WWII?
-America had kept the A-bomb a secret
-The Soviets had wanted us to invade Europe faster
-We supported countries who were trying to avoid communist rule, while they tried to expand it
What did Stalin do which made Truman distrust him?
Stalin promised to allow free elections in his nations, but turned around on the promise to Truman
What were Truman's goals in establishing the policy of containment?
-Prevent spread of communist rule to Western Europe
-Rebuild European governments
What were the effects of the Berlin Airlift?
-West Berlin survived
-American prestige boosted world-wide
What factors led to communist control in China?
We (while trying to negotiate peace) aided the nationalists, who were struggling to maintain an economy.
How did Korea become a divided nation after WWII
The communists aided North Korea, whilst we aided South Korea, causing a divide not only between the parts of Korea but also between the US and the USSR
How did the involvement of communist China affect the Korean war?
The manpower of the Chinese helped drive the UN lines southward in Korea
How did Truman and McArthur differentiate in strategy over the Korean war?
MacArthur wanted to wage war with China, while Truman wanted to settle things down
How did the Loyalty Review Board pose a threat to civil liberties?
The board violated peoples rights by investigating them at work, and laying some off for a fear of suspicious behavior
Why was Hollywood a target of anti-Communist investigations?
Because actors and people in Hollywood had an influence on the public eye, and they should not spread ideas that the government did not like.
Why did the Alger Hiss and Rosenberg trials heighten the anti-Communist sentiment?
Because it scared people that spies and Communists could be in their country, helping the USSR
How did the US and the Soviet Union start the arms race?
We tested the functional H-Bomb, and then the Soviets followed.
What was the role of the CIA in the Cold War?
The CIA fiscally and militarily supported Iran and Guatemala as they revolted against communist leaders
What were the results of the Suez war?
The UN stopped the fighting, leaving Egypt with the control over the canal (Suez Canal)
Compare Joseph Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev
-Communism should take over the world
-Nikita thought communism could triumph in peace
What were the goals of the US Foreign Policy during the Cold War?
-Support western Europe
-Support countries revolting against Communist leadership
What was the purpose of NATO?
To keep an alliance of anti-communist rule
What led to US involvement in Korea?
-Communist China supported North Korea
-The Soviet Union supported North Korea
-We wanted to contain communist rule
Why did MacArthur lose his job?
Because he wanted to wage war on China after re-taking South Korea
What did Joseph McCarthy do which worsened our hysteria of Communism?
He 'attacked' suspected Communists with unsupported claims (McCarthyism)
How did the Rosenberg case strengthen anti-communism?
People saw that Communist people were in the US and that scared them.
How did the US and the CIA wage the Cold War
We supported countries fiscally and militarily who were going against communist rule.
How did the GI Bill of Rights help WWII veterans?
It provided them 1-year of unemployment benefits, and helped pay for education, which encouraged veterans to go back to schools. Also offered low-interest home loans.
What domestic and foreign issues concerned voters during the 1952 election?
Over-powered federal government
Alleged corruption of Truman
Cold War Start/End
1445-Breakup of USSR in 1991
What significant events occurred in 1949?
1: NATO is created
2: The Rosenbergs get executed
Who were the major players in the early Cold War from the U.S., U.S.S.R., China?
Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong
What U.S. organization was responsible for trying to support pro-American groups around the world?
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
What nations are permanent members of the security council?
China, US, UK, Russia, France
Does the U.S. declare war in Korea?
How does the U.S. get involved?
We do note declare war in Korea, but we flanked the North Koreans on the west side of Korea with the Inchon landings.
What general is in charge in Korea?
General MacArthur (Until he gets fired)
What are the Pusan Perimeter and Inchon Landings?
Pusan Perimeter: UN - NK battle (one of the first in the war, stalemate, August 1950)
Inchon Landings: Great UN victory (we take back South Korea)
What parallel is the border and why was this line chosen?
38th parallel - Japanese soldiers surrendered to USSR above the line, US below the line.
Who wins the Korean War based upon the cease-fire agreement?
What government is in the North today?
The nation remains split, and nothing is achieved on either side. North Korea is still communist.
What is the Marshall plan, Eisenhower and Truman Doctrines?
Marshall Plan: Support Anti-Communist Countries
Eisenhower Doctrine: Protect the Middle-East from Communist attack
Truman Doctrine: Support Greece and Turkey in Anti-Communist defense
What is brinkmanship, containment, satellite nation, Iron Curtain
Brinkmanship: Competition between US and USSR
Containment: Prevent Communist spread
Satellite Nation: Soviet controlled European country
Iron Curtain: Divisor between West and East Europe
Mutually Assured Destruction
What countries have revolutions (or attempted ones) and are they successful?
Iran and Guatemala succeed in overthrowing communist governments
Why did Americans fear communism?
Because they thought that it limited freedom and could spred into western Europe and over to the United States
What countries did the U.S. try to influence?
The CIA helped Iran and Guatemala because they were countries opposing their communist leadership, which we wanted to support. We gave Iran fiscal support, and Guatemala military support.
What is the Space Race, the U-2 incident, Rosenbergs, and why are they important?
It increased tension with Russia and people became more anti-Communist
What is McCarthyism, why is it good/bad, what did it lead to, and how does this relate to early views on communism?
McCarthyism was the assumption that people were associated with Communism (without evidence), which led to anti-Communist sentiment, as well as the chastisement of many, likely innocent, people
What examples does Stalin give America about his intentions from 1948-1953?
He does not allow free elections
He supports North Korea
He tries to expand Communism
What changed American life after WWII? What did Americans want? What allowed Americans to achieve prosperity?
Many Americans had accumulated wealth during the war, and now had leisure time and money to spend, so the economy thrived because people were spending money.
What programs were done to improve treatment of minorities after WWII? What happened to decrease segregation in America?
-Brown Vs. Board helped decrease segregation
-We try to re-assimilate Native Americans again
-We encourage Mexican immigrants to vote etc.
What domestic PROBLEMS were there from 1945-1955 in America?
Divorce rates increased, as people returning from war were changed, and many either left or were left by their wives.
What is the baby-boom? Why did the baby-boom occur?
The Baby Boom (1945-1960) was a dramatic increase in birth rates. People had excess money, and leisure time, and decided to have children.
Why did the increase in money, and the baby boom, make people buy houses? What other item influenced the building of the suburbs? What problems did this create?
People wanted to buy houses in the suburbs, so that they could be away from the cities, and there was affordable housing.
Why does Truman not run in 1952?
He had little support because the Democratic party had failed in Korea because we spent a lot of money and lives on no outcome.
Do you think Truman failed to control communism? Why or why not?
Truman did control communism by creating the CIA, which helped in Guatemala and Iran
Brown v. Board of Education
Declared that it was unconstitutional to have state laws which segregated schools (start of civil rights movement)
What programs did Eisenhower support?
Check W/ Michel
Who/what is a "company person", franchise, planned obsolescence conglomeration?
Franchise: Like a 'Chain' of companies
Planned Obsolescence: Making products fall apart after a certain time on purpose
When was rock 'n' roll invented?
Alan Freed, a Cleveland disk jockey who popularized rock and roll by 1953
How were Native Americans and Mexican-Americans treated by the government at this time?
-We tried to assimilate Native Americans again, FAILS
-We encourage Mexican immigrants to become part of American society.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Chapter 26
Chapter 36/37 Flashcards
APUSH Chapter 27 Questions
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Final Culture Quiz
Punto y Aparte Vocab 5
Punto y Aparte Vocab 4
Punto y Aparte Vocab 3
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History Text Chapter 28
History Text Chapter 29
US History Chapter 27 The Postwar Boom
US History Chapter 16-17