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Triple Alliance

An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.

Triple Entente

A alliance between Britain, France, and Russia.

Schlieffen Plan

a large part of the German army would race to the west, to defeat France, and then return to fight Russa in the east.

Central Powers

Germany and Austria-Hungary. These countries were called this because of their location in the heart of Europe.


Great Britain, France, and Russia. These countries went up against the Central Powers.

Trench Warfare

soldiers fought each other from trenches. Life in the trenches was miserable and fresh food was nonexistent.

Total War

All countries devoted all their resources to the war effort.


An agreement to stop fighting. Germany and France made this agreement. This signified the end of World War I.

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's plan to achieve a just and lasting peace. The first five points were an end to secret treaties, freedom of seas, etc. Sixth through thirteenth were specific suggestions for changing borders and creating new nations.

Treaty of Versailles

an agreement signed between Germany and the Allied powers on June 28, 1919. This treaty had severe restrictions on Germany's military and made Germany pay for the war reparations. Also, Germany lost substantial territory.

League Of Nations

After adopting Wilson's 14th point, the treaty created this. It was an international association whose goal would be to keep the peace among nations. The five Allied powers (USA, GB, Fran., Italy, and Japan) were to be permanent members.


supported a small number of committed revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for a radical change.

V. I. Lenin

Had an engaging personality, and an excellent organizer. He was also ruthless, and had traits that would ultimately help him gain command of the Bolsheviks.


local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers. The soviets had more influence than the provisional government in most cities.

Joseph Stalin

col, hard, and impersonal. From 1922-1927 he began a ruthless climb to the head of the government. He tried to create a myth that he was the savior and the country's fathers. Stalin glorified himself as the symbol of the nation. A new metal was also called stalinite.


describes a government that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private life. It also challenges the highest values prized by the Western democracies-reason, freedom, human dignity, and the worth of the individual.

Great Purge

In 1934, when Stalin launched a campaign of terror. It was directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power.

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