5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- How did Japanese government change?
- Iwo Juma
- Battle of Stalingrad
- a .A long Japanese tradition had viewed the emperor as divine. The emperor now had to declare that he was not divine. THat admission was as shocking to the Japanese as defeat. His power was dramatically reduced. The emperor became largely a figurehead--a symbol of Japan. The new constitution guarantedd that real political power in Japan rested with the people. The people elected a two-house parliament, called the Diet. All citizens over age 20, including women, could vote. The govt. was led by a prime minister chosen by a majoirty of the Diet. A constitutional bill of rights protected basic freedoms. Article 9 of the constitution stated that they could no longer make war, but could only fight if attacked
- b city of 27,000 people. Three days after the US dropped the bomb on Hiroshima, the US dropped the bomb of this this city. Radiation fallout from the two explosions killed many more
- c began on August 23, 1942. The Luftwaffe went on nightly bombing raids that set much of the city ablaze and reduced the rest to rubble. By early November 1942, Germans controlled 90% of the ruined city. On November 19, Soviet troops outside the city launched a counterattack. They trapped the Germans inside and cut off their supplies. On Feb. 2, 1943, some 90,000 frostbitten, half-starved German troops surrendered. The city was 99% destroyed. The Germans were now on the defensive, with the Soviets pushing them steadily westward
- d at dawn that day, British, American, French & Canadian troops fought their way onto a 60-mile stretch of beach in Normandy. The Germans had dug in with machine guns, rocket launchers, and cannons. They sheltered behind concrete walls. The Allies took heavy casualties. 2,700 American men died that day. The Allies held the beachheads. On July 25, the Allies punched a hole in the German defenses and The US third army led by General George Patton, broke out. A month later, the Allies march triumphantly into Paris
- e March 1945, Island 760 miles from Tokyo
5 Multiple choice questions
- disbanding the Japanese armed forces. MacArthur accomplished this quickley (in Japan) by leaving them with only a small poice force. MacArthur also began bringing war criminals to trial.
- Japanese city of about 3,500,000 people. US dropped an atomic bomb here and killed between 70,000 and 80,000 people
- trials against the people who were in charge of the holocause
- 60 million. 21 million
- started July 10, 1943. Allied forces landed on Sicily and captured it from Italian and German troops about a month later. The conquest of Sicily toppled Mussolini from power. On Sept 3rd, Italy surrendered
5 True/False questions
Which cities saw devastation? Explain → began on August 23, 1942. The Luftwaffe went on nightly bombing raids that set much of the city ablaze and reduced the rest to rubble. By early November 1942, Germans controlled 90% of the ruined city. On November 19, Soviet troops outside the city launched a counterattack. They trapped the Germans inside and cut off their supplies. On Feb. 2, 1943, some 90,000 frostbitten, half-starved German troops surrendered. The city was 99% destroyed. The Germans were now on the defensive, with the Soviets pushing them steadily westward
What happens to HItler at the end of the war? → Hitler and his wife (Eva Praun) committed suicide
Look at the Chart on Page 949 → the Germans advanced to an Egyptian village called El Alamein. They were dug in so well that British forces could not go around them and needed to dislodge them with a massive frontal attack. began night of October 23rd. Ended November 4th. About one thousand British guns took axis soldiers by surprise and eventually beat them
Operation Torch → Nov. 8th. More than 100,000 troops landed on Moraco and Algeria. Rommel's Afrika Korps were finally crushed in May 1943
V-E- day → May 9th. V & E day=Victory in Europe Day. The surrender was officially signed, and the US & Allied powers celebrated. ( On May 7th, 1945, General Eisenhower accepted the undconditional surrender of the Third Reich from the German military. President Roosevelt did not live to witness the long-awaited victor, He died suddenly on April 12th.