5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Manhattan Project
- Iwo Juma
- Battle of the Buldge
- a March 1945, Island 760 miles from Tokyo
- b at dawn that day, British, American, French & Canadian troops fought their way onto a 60-mile stretch of beach in Normandy. The Germans had dug in with machine guns, rocket launchers, and cannons. They sheltered behind concrete walls. The Allies took heavy casualties. 2,700 American men died that day. The Allies held the beachheads. On July 25, the Allies punched a hole in the German defenses and The US third army led by General George Patton, broke out. A month later, the Allies march triumphantly into Paris
- c December 16. Battle of the Bulge. German tanks broke through weak American defenses along a 75-mile front in the Ardennes. The push into Allied lines gave the campaign its name. Although caught off guard, the Allies eventually pushed the German's back and the Germans had no choice but to retreat, eading to the rapid end of the war.
- d headed by General Leslie Groves and chief Scientists. Robert Oppenheimer
- e disbanding the Japanese armed forces. MacArthur accomplished this quickley (in Japan) by leaving them with only a small poice force. MacArthur also began bringing war criminals to trial.
5 Multiple choice questions
- city of 27,000 people. Three days after the US dropped the bomb on Hiroshima, the US dropped the bomb of this this city. Radiation fallout from the two explosions killed many more
- Japanese city of about 3,500,000 people. US dropped an atomic bomb here and killed between 70,000 and 80,000 people
- code name for the invasion of Normany which was the largest land and sea attack in history. Began on June 6, 1944
- Although the war in Europe was over, the Allies were still fighting the Japenese in the Pacific. In October, Allied forces landed on the island of Leyte in the Philippines. Japanese made a plan to destroy the American fleet, thus preventing the Allies from resupplying their ground troops. On October 23, the Japanese lost almost the entire Japanese fleet, eliminating its fighting force in the war.
- 60 million. 21 million
5 True/False questions
Nuremberg Trials → trials against the people who were in charge of the holocause
Invasion of Italy → started July 10, 1943. Allied forces landed on Sicily and captured it from Italian and German troops about a month later. The conquest of Sicily toppled Mussolini from power. On Sept 3rd, Italy surrendered
Which cities saw devastation? Explain → London-Battle of Britain.
Warsaw-1.3 million to 153,000
V-E- day → May 9th. V & E day=Victory in Europe Day. The surrender was officially signed, and the US & Allied powers celebrated. ( On May 7th, 1945, General Eisenhower accepted the undconditional surrender of the Third Reich from the German military. President Roosevelt did not live to witness the long-awaited victor, He died suddenly on April 12th.
Battle of Stalingrad → began on August 23, 1942. The Luftwaffe went on nightly bombing raids that set much of the city ablaze and reduced the rest to rubble. By early November 1942, Germans controlled 90% of the ruined city. On November 19, Soviet troops outside the city launched a counterattack. They trapped the Germans inside and cut off their supplies. On Feb. 2, 1943, some 90,000 frostbitten, half-starved German troops surrendered. The city was 99% destroyed. The Germans were now on the defensive, with the Soviets pushing them steadily westward