Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


cast out from the church

Pope Gregory VII

he disapproved the bishop chosen by the Holy Roman Empire Emperor Henry IV

Emperor Henry IV

went against Pope Gregory VII, begged forgiveness


were a long series of wars between Christians an Muslims in Southwest Asia

Holy Land

Europeans called it this because it was the region where Jesus had lived, preached, and died

Pope Urban II

called by the Byzantine Empire to help called all Christians to fight in the Crusades

King Richard I

led Christian soldiers in the Third Crusade and earned respect from his enemies and Christians for his bravery


Muslim general that led the Muslim army during the Third Crusade


church officials

religious order

a group people who dedicated their lives to religion and follow common rules

St. Francis of Assisi

encouraged people to be kind to others, started the Franciscan Order


people who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public

Thomas of Aquinas

Dominican philosopher that argued that rational thought could be used to support Christian beliefs

natural law

a law that governed how the world operated

Magna Carta

this document listing rights that King John could not ignore, that required him to honor certain rights


a lawmaking body that governs England today

Hundred Years' Wars

a long conflict between England and France

Joan of Arc

a French peasant girl, who rallied the French troops together during the Hundred Years' War

Black Death

a deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351


religious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings


efforts to retake Spain from the Moors

King Ferdinand

King of Spain, he and his wife ended the Reconquista. Forced the Jews in Spain to become Christians or leave. Banned Islam

Queen Isabella

Queen of Spain. She ended the Reconquista with her husband. Banned Islam and forced all Jews in Spain to become Christians or leave. Paid for voyage of Christopher Columbus

Spanish Inquisition

an organization of priests that looked for and punished anyone in Spain suspected of secretly practicing their old religion

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording