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chem vocab

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homgeneous
a mixture that is the same throughout; solution
heterogeneous
a mixture that has different properties in regions of the mixture
solvent
the dissolving medium in a solution
solute
a substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution
solution
a homogeneous mixture
colloid
a type of homogeous mixture in which dispersed particles do not settle out
suspension
a heterogenous mixture of a fluid and solid particles
solvation
the process by which solvent molecules surround and interact with solute ions or molecules
hydration
the interaction between solute particles and water molecules
aqueous
a solution with water is the dissolving medium, or solvent
tincture
a solution with alcohol as the solvent
alloy
a substance that contains a mixture of elements and has metallic properties
amalgam
an alloy made of mercury and one or more other metals
miscible
soluble, able to be mixed to form a solution
immiscible
the property where two substances are not capable of combining to form a homogeneuos mixture
concentrated
a relatively large quantity of substance present in a unit amount of mixture
dilute
a solution containing a relatively small quantity of solute as can be dissolved than is dissolved already
unsaturated
a solution in which more solute can be dissolved that is dissolved already
saturated
a solution that contains as much solute as can be dissolved in that solution
supersaturated
the condition is which a liquid as been cooled to a temperature below that at which crystalization normally would occur, without the solid resulting
precipitate
to form an insoluble compound either by reacting two salts or by changing the temperature to affect the solubility of the compound
solubility
the amount of a substance that dissolves in a given volume of solvent or solution at a given temperature