Java: An Introduction to Computer Science and Programming Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Chapter 1 vocabulary for the 3rd edition of Java: An Introduction to Computer Science and Programming by Walter Savitch.
Terms in this set (23)
The physical machine.
All the different kinds of programs used to give instructions to the computer.
A set of instructions for the computer.
processor/CPU/central processing unit/chip
Device inside a computer that follows a program's instructions
Holds data for the computer to process, and holds the result of the computer's intermediate calculations.
The various kinds of disks that are used with computers.
Working memory that a program uses for intermediate calculations.
Digit that can assume only two values: 0 and 1.
Eight bits of memory.
The number of a byte.
Adjacent bytes. The address of the first byte is used as the address for this.
Larger units of auxiliary memory.
Groups of files.
A type of input for a program; the information that the computer program will process.
Following the instructions in the program.
A supervisory program that oversees the entire operation of the computer.
Programming languages that are designed for people to use.
Programming languages that a computer can (more directly) understand.
A program that translate a high-level-language program into a program in a simpler language that the computer and more or less directly understand.
To translate from a high-level program to a low-level one.
machine languages/assembly languages
Low-level languages produced by compilers.
source program/source code
The input program.
object program/object code
The translated low-level-language program that the compiler produces.
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