50 terms

No Bones About It

STUDY
PLAY
Axial Skeleton
Bones along the central axis of the body
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones arranged symmetrically on either side of the body
Number of bones in the axial skeleton
80
Number of bones in the appendicular skeleton
126
Number of bones in an adult skeleton
206
Number of bones at birth
270
Number of bones in the vertebral column
33
Number of ribs
24
Humerus
Upper arm bone
Radius
Lower arm bone on the thumb side
Ulna
Lower arm bone on the pinky finger side
Carpals
Wrist bones
Metacarpals
Bones in the hand
Phalanges
Bones in the fingers & toes
Femur
Upper leg bone
Tibia
Lower leg, larger bone
Fibula
Lower leg, smaller bone
Patella
Knee bone
Tarsals
Ankle bones
Metatarsals
Bones in the foot, form the arches of the foot
Calcaneus
Heel bone
Scapula
Shoulder bones (2)
Pelvis
Hip bone
Coccyx
End of the spinal column (4 fused to 1)
Mandible
Lower jaw
Clavicle
Collarbone
Maxilla
Upper jaw (2)
Zygomatic (skull)
Cheek bones (2)
Sphenoid (skull)
Base of the skull
Temporal (skull)
Side of the skull (2)
Parietal (skull)
Top of the skull (2)
Occipital (skull)
Back of the skull
Frontal (skull)
Forehead
Sternum
Breast bone
Cervical Vertebrae
Neck vertebrae (7)
Thoracic Vertebrae
Chest vertebrae (12)
Lumbar Vertebrae
Lower back Vertebrae (5)
Sacrum
Next to last vertebrae (5 fused to 1)
Floating Ribs
11th & 12th pairs of ribs with no front attachment
Ligaments
Tissue connecting bones to bones
Tendons
Tissue connecting muscles to bones
Cartilage
Tough tissue at the end of bones that keeps bones from grinding together
Ball & Socket joint
Joint found at shoulders & hips
Hinge joint
Joint found at elbows, knees, fingers, toes
Pivot joint
Neck joint
Fixed joint
Joint found in skull - does not allow movement
Osteoporosis
Disease where bone tissue becomes brittle
Arthritis
Disease causing swelling in the joints
Scoliosis
Disease resulting in a curving of the spine
Dislocation
Injury when a bone gets out of place