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the response to the economic collapse, the human impact of the great depression

bonus army

Unemployed World War I veterans who came to Washington in the spring of 1932 to demand the immediate payment of the bonus congress had voted them in 1922. The veterans were forcibly removed from Anacostia Flats by federal troops under the command of Douglas MacArthur.


a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

public works

structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks) constructed at government expense for public use


Shantytowns on the outskirts of cities in which unemployed people of the Depression lived. The nomenclature comes from the blame many Americans placed on Hoover for the Great depression.


the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources

status quo

the existing state of affairs

reconstruction finance corporation

Congress set up $2 billion. It made loans to major economic institutions such as banks, insurance companies and railroads.

new deal

the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented

business cycle

Recurrent swings from economic hard times to recovery and growth, then back to hard times and a repetition of the sequence. (p. 615)

social welfare

governmental provision of economic assistance to persons in need

first hundred boys

when congress passed record number bills in first 3 months.
-helped unemployed


a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties


(used of opinions and actions) far beyond the norm

trickle down theory

decreased income taxes for the wealthy would promote business and therefore the whole economy

soup kitchen

a place where food is dispensed to the needy

bread line

line of people waiting for food handouts from charities or public agencies

black blizzard

Caused by sustained drought conditions during the Dust Bowl. Compounded by years of poor land management practices. Dust so think the sun was concealed for days

dust bowl

Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.

the grapes of wrath



unflattering name given to Oklahomans and others from the rural Midwest, especially those who left the Dust Bowl looking for better lives during the 1930s

great flood of 1936

In 1936, a series of heavy storms pounded the region. The rain combined with heavy melting snow, caused rivers to spill over their banks. Floodwater inundated cites, towns, farms, and mines.

living wage

a wage sufficient for a worker and family to subsist comfortably

property value

the format to define properties in style format is


action by a landlord that compels a tenant to leave the premises (as by rendering the premises unfit for occupancy)


the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, overnutrition, or any nutrient deficiency

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