Ancient Indian Civilizations
Language and Arts
Terms in this set (41)
What evidences did archeologists find in the Harappan cities that the people were highly sophisticated?
A well organized layout, two story houses with indoor bathrooms, and a drainage system
What unusual structure was found in Mohenjo-Daro?
A large pool archaeologists call the Great Bath.
What kept water in the Great Bath?
Bricks were tightly fitted together, and it was sealed with bitumen.
How was the artistic skill of the Harrapan people demonstrated?
In the gold and bronze artifacts.
In what country is the Indus River in today?
Why is India called the subcontinent?
Becuase it is separated from the rest of the continent.
What separates India from Asia?
The Himalaya Mountains.
In addition to the Himalaya Mountains region, what are the other two major regions in India?
The northeastern plain and the Deccan Plateau.
What are two natural bountries that border the Harrapan civilization?
Hindu Kush and Thar Desert.
Why do you think there is so much fertile land in India?
There are many waters to to water the land.
What occupations were probably considered middle class in the Harappan civilization?
Merchants and craftsmen.
What materials were typical middle-class houses built from?
Red brick and wood.
What type of artifacts were found in the houses?
Weights, jewelry, seals, pottery, utensils made of shells, clay balls and toys, and statues.
How many years earlier than the United States have indoor plumbing?
Approximately 4,100 years earlier (2300 BC + 1800 AD= 4,100 years).
What can we learn from the accomplishment of the Harappan civilization about what it means to be created in God's image?
All humans in any historical era are capable of high lelvel thinking and creative discovery.
In what familiar language was the message on the Rosetta stone written?
Who used his knowledge of Greek to translate the Egyptian writing on the stone?
What are schollars called who study language?
What happpened to the Harrapans between 1700 and 1500 BC?
Their civilization came to a sudden halt.
What are some possible reasons for their disappearance?
An Invasion by other people, a flood, or a famine.
What group of people took control of the Indus Valley after the Harrapans disappeared?
What are nomads?
People who move from place to place to find food, water, or grazing land.
What nomadic people moved into the Indus Valley after the Harrapans disappeared?
What is the Aryan language called?
Did the Aryans have a strong central government?
Why do we know more about the Aryans than the Harrapans?
The Aryans had a written language that linguists have been able to translate.
What was the Aryans government like?
Independent villages were governed by a headman and his council.
What were the two main occupations in a village?
Farmer and craftsman.
What kind of goods did craftsman produce?
Tools, household items, and artwork such as religious sculptures.
What weather factor did the farmers depend on to provide water for growing their crops?
Monsoons that would bring rain off the Indian Ocean.
What is a Monsoon?
A wind that reverses direction with the change of the season.
What group of people did the word Aryan describe in the twentieth centry?
People of Germany under Hitler.
What false idea did Hitler borrow from a French philosopher?
One "master race" was superior to all other races.
Which people group did Hitler believe to be the superior race, and what did he call them?
The northern European people; Aryans.
How did his beliefs affect his view of other races and his actions toward them?
He believed other races were inferior and did not deserve to live, and he executed them.
Which particular group of people did he target for showing his hatred?
Racism does not always result in killing or physically hurting people. What are some more subtle ways that people can display racism?
Refusing to be friends with someone because of his race, ignoring or speaking negatively of people of other races.
What symbol did Hitler borrow from ancient India?
How have his actions affected the way many feel about the swasika and the term Aryan?
People view them with negative feelings because of their association with Hitler and the destruction he caused to Europe and the Jews.
Where else has the swasika symbol been found?
This symbol has been found in Turkey, and Egyptand on ancient buildings and artifacts from India
What does the term swasika mean in the Sankrit language?
A sign of good luck.