92 terms

all quiet on the western front

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Paul Baumer
the narrator and protagonist
Kantorek
former schoolteacher of Paul and his friends,
-represents nationalism
-talks boys into joining war
Himmelstoss
postman before the war
-ruthless disciplinarian in the training platon Paul and his classmates originally joined
-delights in humiliating soldiers- especially Tjaden
-coward
-punished Tjaden for bed wetting problem
Stanislaus Katczinsky
unofficial leader of Paul's company
-finds food
-Paul is closest with him
-40 years old
Paul's mother
dying of cancer
-awakens some dormant emotions in Paul
Albert Kropp
described by Paul as the "clearest thinker" of his former classmates
-one of Paul's closest and oldest friends
-Paul is fiercly loyal to him- faking illness so he can stay with him when his leg is wounded
Tjaden
a 19 year old skinny locksmith
-had bed wetting problem
Detering
a married peasant farmer
-loves animals
-is upset that horses are used in a human war
Muller
-a physics-inclined academic from Paul's class
-wants Kemmerich's boots
Leer
Lusty and sexually mature (first to lose his virginity in the boys' class)
-leads the sexual charges in the novel
Haie Westhus
a large 19 year old peat-digger
Franz Kemmerich
a wounded soldier the boys visit whose expensive boots are passed around throughout the novel when its wearer dies
Gerard Duval
A french soldier Paul stabs in a shell-hole but must stay with for hours as the man dies
-Paul later discovers that he is a printer and has a wife and daughter
Lewandowski
the oldest soldier in the Catholic Hospital, the other patients help him arrange a congeal visit with his wife
Joseph Behm
the one student who openly did not want to join the war, he was bullied into it by Kantorek and got killed almost immediately
Mittlestaedt
a former classmate of Paul's- he ends up in charge of Kantorek and gleefully lords his power over his former schoolteacher.
Ginger
the cowardly and stingy cook of Paul's company at the start of the novel
first person, present
in what person and tense is the book written?
Paul Baumer- soldier
who is the narrator?
19 years old, volunteer of the war- German army- recruited by his teacher
give a brief description of the narrator
Kropp, Muller, Leer, Paul, Tjaden, Westhus, Detering, Katczinsky
name the 8 army friends
he was the first of the boys to die- they pressured him into joining- he didn't want to
what is important about Joseph Behm's story?
his leg was amputated- he dies
what has happened to Kemmerich
goods boots are short on supply, someone else will take them when he dies
What are the 2 reasons Muller wants Kemmerich's boots?
he is hardcore- strictest disciplinarian in the camp- the boys become hard, pitiless, vicious, tough- he pushes them past their limit
What does Himmelstoss do for the boys?
pushes him away
How does the doctor react when Paul requests that he look at KEmmerich?
makes men cold and desensitized
What does this show us about how war affects men?
the general should be fighting the war- they are the ones who started it and make the rules and decisions
Kat and Kropp discuss how they feel war should be fought..
the way he punished him for bed-wetting
what does Tjaden hate particular in Himmelstoss?
its his only stability- his mother, his brother, his friend, his protection
what is the earth to a soldier?
in a cemetary
in what setting does the heavy shelling of CH. 4 take place?
if they die they will be buried in a cemetery- they are literally and figuratively facing death
what is ironic about the setting in ch. 4?
smell, fireworks, seeing bombs
list several signs which indicate to the soldiers that there will be heavy fighting soon
paul is kind and helpful to the young recruit
how does Paul treat the young recruit when he first meets him?
he poops in his pants
why is the new recruit so embarrassed about the shelling?
he gets hit
what later happened to this same recruit?
they are so innocent- they didn't sign up for it- they are dying and in pain
why are all the men so upset about the horses
behind headstones/coffins
where do the soldiers hide during the attack?
give Muller a kick in the backside for the way he talks- would make love to women or maybe stay with the Prussians and serve out his time
what would Westhus do if peace came?
return back to harvesting
what would Detering do if peace came?
see family, eat
what would Kat do if peace came
get drunk
what would Kropp do if peace came?
Tjaden treats Himmelstoss as any other soldier, not a superior
what do Tjaden and Himmelstoss argue about?
a trial- Tjaden goes to prison for 3 days, Himmelstoss gets lectured, Kropp gets prison for 1 day
what eventually happens between Tjaden an Himmelstoss?
that they are useless
how do the boys feel about the things they have learned in school?
they have lost all hope- everything has been destroyed by war- when they come home from the war they won't know what to do
how has the war ruined them for their future?
the men who will be killed
what are the coffins for?
foreshadows the death of the men- signifies no hope
what is significant about the coffins?
-saw a man die for 3 days
-soldiers get limbs blown off
-he escaped being killed twice now (left dug out- came back- nothing)
list 3 horrors of battle which Paul witnesses
home and peacetime
-books and childhood papers
when night comes, Paul has visions of his past life. What does he remember?
he thinks he is going to die
-the thoughts seem unrealistic now
why do you think these images come to him now? (about childhood)
their loved ones and happy thoughts, men working together, humor
according to Paul, what keeps the men from "going to pieces"
whenever Paul returned home he felt out of place no comfort in former life
what does Paul mean by this statement, "words, words, words--- they do not reach me''?
they feel a kinship with them
what are Paul's feelings toward the Russian prisoners in the nearby prison camp?
sausage, bread, and cigarettes
what presents do the boys ofer the French girls?
preserved whortleberries, and potato cakes
what had Paul's mother saved for his return?
it would be too upsetting- he doesn't want her to worry- she is already sick- she wouldn't understand
why can't paul tell his mother about the war?
he is on leave and the major mass him march and salute
why does paul get angry with the major he meets on the street?
he is caught up in propaganda and wants his son to be a hero
why can't Paul tell his father about the war?
the things he used to enjoy he can't enjoy anymore
what does paul realize about himself when heists in his room and looks at his books?
it is not the trenches- the woods can keep him safe- it is peaceful- he is paying attention to the little things in life- learning to appreciate everything
why does paul appreciate the woods now?
nervous and fearful, big bellows with beards, they look like meek, scolded St. Bernard dogs, starving
describe the Russian prisoners
eat from garbage cans
-carving bone fragments into little trinkets for food
how do the russian prisoners survive?
it was distressing- gives them cigarettes- takes 2 cakes to them- they could be friends if they weren't in the war
how does paul react to and act toward the russian prisoners?
it is where he belongs
why is paul happy to be back in the war
the kaiser is just a normal person- but because he is a higher authority he makes the decisions while they do all the work
after the inspection by the kaiser, the men discuss the war, how do they feel about it?
the leaders, the people who make the uniforms, rations, guns, ammunition
who do they feel is responsible for war?
so that if the fellows over there (French) will know he wants to help him and will not shoot him
-out of pity for his suffering
what are 2 reasons for paul bandaging the French soldier's wounds?
it is the first time he has killed with his hands
-he is a man like him
why is this encounter with the frenchman so important to paul?
-he will send the family money and will write to his life
-if he makes it out of war he is going to make his voice known that war shouldn't happen
what does paul promise he will do for the family of Gerard Duval?
to save himself-
he finds a picture of his family
why does he make his promise
he doesn't trust him- he thinks that someone will amputate his leg
why does paul refuse chloroform while the surgeons dressing his leg?
he will kill himself- he won't live as a cripple
what does Kropp threaten to do if his leg is amputated?
a place where they sent the folders who are going to die
what is the dying room?
he was getting worse and they kicked him out of his room
hoe does peter know he is going there?
he survived
why is peter special?
they used new methods of surgery, the people being operated on became lab rats
what kinds of experiments are done on the wounded in the hospital?
head wounds, spine cases, abdominal cases, shattered limbs, double amputations, wounds in the joints
what kinds of wounds does Paul see in the hospital?
it makes him feel like he know nothing other than killing and the degree that someone can suffer
what effect do they have on him?
most bloody and terrible summer
how do the soldiers feel during the summer of 1918?
he broke away because he saw a cherry blossom tree and reminded him of home- he was caught and never seen again
what happens to Detering
got shot in the stomach- dead
what happens to Muller
chest wound- dead
what happens to Bertink
got shot in hip- bled out- dead
what happens to Leer
falls while bringing food- calf is hit- tiny splinter in head
what happens to Kat
leg gets amputated
what happens to Kropp
tries to save a messenger dog- get shot
what happens to Berger
they will go back to their occupations and forget the war- they will be superfluous to themselves- they will grow older- most will be bewildered- there might be a revolution
what does Paul foresee for his generation after the war?
he dies
what happens to paul?
it was peaceful- bittersweet ending- he almost makes it to the end
what is your reaction as a reader to the news of Paul's death at the end of the book?
war is brutal
why does the author have Paul die?
the day paul died was the quietest day
explain the meaning of the title of the book, especially as it relates to paul
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