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141 terms

Hondros Med Term CH 1-4

Med Term CH 1-4 review
STUDY
PLAY
cardi
heart
-logy
the study of
pneumon-
lung or air
thorax
chest
dermat
skin
pulmon
lung
-ary
pertaining to
-ia
a condition of
-ation
a process
pre-
before
post-
after
uni-
one
bi-
two
peri-
around
epi-
above
hypo-
below
lateral
sides of body
natal
time of birth
gastric
stomach
micro-
small
macro-
large
cyte
red blood cell
-logist
one who studies; specialist
my/o
muscle
-al
pertaining to
-pathy
disease
plural for -a
-ae
plural for -is
-es
plural for -on
-a
plural for -um
-a
-tens
pressure
-ion
action, condition
IV
intravenous
AMI
acute myocardial infraction
CXR
chest x-ray
ECG/EKG
electrocardiogram
supine
lying on the back with palms up
prone
lying on belly with palms facing floor
superior (cephalic)
situated above, head
interior (caudal)
situated below, tail
proximal
vertically situated nearest center of the body
distal
vertically situated away from the center of the body
medial
toward middle of body
lateral
situated at side of structure
anterior (ventral)
situated in front, belly
posterior (dorsal)
situated in back
transverse (horizontal)
superior and inferior portions
sagittal
left and right portions
mid sagittal/median
equal left and right portions
frontal (coronal)
anterior and posterior portions
body is composed of
cells, organelles, tissues, organs, and organ systems
zygote
single, fertilizes cell and the beginning of a human being. origin of every cell in the body
cyto-
cell
fertiliz
to make fruitful
primary tissue groups
connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
connective tissue's function
bind, support, protect, fill spaces and store fat
epithelial tissue's function
protect, secrete, absorb, and excrete
muscle tissue function
control movement, stabilize and allow movement of joints
nervous tissue function
transmit impulses for coordination, sensory reception, and monitor actions
cartilage
nonvascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints; has a rubbery, flexible substance
ligament
strips or bands of tough connective tissue that connect two structures
tendon
fibrous band that attaches muscle to the bone
the muscular systems function
cause movements, maintain posture, and produce body heat
skeletal system function
provides framework, protects soft tissues, provides attachments for muscles, produces blood cells, and stores inorganic salts
cardiovascular system contains
heart and blood vessels
cardiovascular system function
moves blood and transports substances throughout the body
digestive system contains
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and small & large intestine
digestive system function
receives, breaks down, and absorbs food. Also eliminates unabsorbed material
Homeo-
the same
-stasis
standstill, control
Homeostasis
maintaining the stability of a system or the body's internal environment
vasodilation
blood vessel; widen, open up; action
vasoconstriction
blood vessel; narrow; action
epidermis
above; skin
-dermis
skin
adipose
fat; full of
skin
largest and most vulnerable organ in the body
-ic
pertaining to
cutane-
skin
-ous
pertaining to
keratin
hard protein
melanin
black pigment
-in
substance
intra-
within
IV route
15* angle
insulin
45* angle
sub
below
trans-
access; through
an-
without
-alges
sensation of pain
-itis
inflamation
pruritus
itching
excoriate
to scratch
excoriation
scratch marks
malign
harmful
-ant
bad
-oma
tumor; mass
decubitus ulcer
pressure sore
dormant
inactive
tenia pedis
athlete's foot
tinea capitis
ringworm
tinea corporis
ringworm of body and hands
tinea cruris
jock itch
tinea versicolor
trunk of body
Candida albicans
thrush
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
MRSA
myc-
fungal
paronychia
staff
onych-
nail
-osis
condition
par-
along side
auto-
self, same
-graft
transplant
homo-
same or alike
allo-
other
xeno-
foreign
hetero-
different
blepharo-
eye lid
-plasty
surgical repair
-myel
bone marrow
osteoporo-
bone; opening
-sis
condition
-penia
deficient
-malacia
abnormal softness
sarc-
flesh
cervic-
neck
sacr-
sacrum
inter-
between
kyph-
bent, humpback
scoli-
crooked
lord-
curve, swayback
pariet-
wall
occipit-
back of head
tempor-
time
sphen-
wedge
ethm-
sieve
-oid
resemble
meta-
after
elium
small intestine
ilium
pelvic girdle
ischium
hip