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the movement of energy through a body of water


the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of the next wave


the number of complete waves that pass a given point in a certain amount of time

wave height

the vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough


a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor

longshore drift

the movement of water and sediment down a beach caused by waves coming in to shore at an angle

rip current

a rush of water that flows rapidly back to sea through a narrow opening in a sandbar


a wall made of rocks or concrete that is built outward from a beach to reduce erosion


the daily rise and fall or Earth's waters on its continues

spring tide

a tide with the greatest difference between low and high tides

neap tide

a tide with the least difference between low and high tides


the total amount of dissolved salts in a water sample


An underwater vehicle built of strong materials to resist pressure


A large stream of moving water that flows through oceans

Coriolis effect

the effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents


average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and precipitation in a particular region

El Nino

a climate effect


cold water moving upward from the deep ocean caused by wind

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