5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a an ironic understatement in which affirmative is expressed by negating the opposite. Example: Einstein is not a bad mathematician.
- b a double meaning; verbal irony - a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant (sarcasm); situational irony - what actually happens is opposite of what is expected or appropriate; dramatic irony - the audience or reader knows something important that a character does not know
- c positioning side-by-side or close together mismatching elements, something resulting in comic incongruity
- d avoiding the description of something outrageous by cloaking it in sheltered terms; an understatement often involved.
- e the person created by the author to tell a story. Whether the story is told by an omniscient narrator or by a character in it, the actual author of the work often distances himself from what is said or told by adopting a persona--a personality different from his real one. Thus, the attitudes, beliefs, and degree of understanding expressed by the narrator may not be the same as those of the actual author. Some authors, for example, use narrators who are not very bright in order to create irony.
5 Multiple choice questions
- harsh and abusive language directed against a person or cause
- an exaggerated representation of a character; a cartoon-like portrait in art in literature.
- exaggeration and distortion of a literary epic and its style; elevating the trivial to a level higher than it deserves
- a figure of speech in which a spoken phrase is devised to be understood in either of two ways. Often the first (the more obvious) meaning is straightforward, while the second meaning is less so, often risqué, inappropriate, or ironic.
- a figure of speech with strongly contrasting words or phrases; a contrast of ideas expressed in a grammatically balanced statement
5 True/False questions
paradox → a mocking imitation of a known person, literary work, movie, or event
sarcasm → harsh or bitter derision or irony; a sharply ironical taunt; sneering or cutting remark
burlesque (noun/verb) → a lapse into the ridiculous by a writer aiming at elevated expression; overly sentimental; ex. if the intent is to provoke tears but the response is laughter. oftentimes, there is a sudden change in writing from an important subject to one that is silly or ordinary; an insincere appeal to pathos
wit → an ironic understatement in which affirmative is expressed by negating the opposite. Example: Einstein is not a bad mathematician.
entrapment → switching the situation to entrap the reader, after having lured him into a sense of comfort.