5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- invective (noun)
- a harsh and abusive language directed against a person or cause
- b repeating key words or phrases for comic emphasis
- c a double meaning; verbal irony - a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant (sarcasm); situational irony - what actually happens is opposite of what is expected or appropriate; dramatic irony - the audience or reader knows something important that a character does not know
- d an exaggerated representation of a character; a cartoon-like portrait in art in literature.
- e the person created by the author to tell a story. Whether the story is told by an omniscient narrator or by a character in it, the actual author of the work often distances himself from what is said or told by adopting a persona--a personality different from his real one. Thus, the attitudes, beliefs, and degree of understanding expressed by the narrator may not be the same as those of the actual author. Some authors, for example, use narrators who are not very bright in order to create irony.
5 Multiple choice questions
- exaggeration; overstatement; saying more than is meant, often to produce humor; use of superlatives sometimes involved
- an ironic understatement in which affirmative is expressed by negating the opposite. Example: Einstein is not a bad mathematician.
- a composition which derives its humor from an exaggerated imitation of a more serious work; a parody that ridicules a serious literary work by treating its solemn subject in an undignified style or by applying its elevated style to a trivial subject (mock-epic) - a person's actions may be burlesqued. Example: a King speaking like an idiot.
- a statement which, because of its contradictory nature, seems absurd, but which really is well founded
- a figure of speech in which a spoken phrase is devised to be understood in either of two ways. Often the first (the more obvious) meaning is straightforward, while the second meaning is less so, often risqué, inappropriate, or ironic.
5 True/False questions
oxymoron → a figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory or incongruous ideas
parody → a mocking imitation of a known person, literary work, movie, or event
sarcasm → harsh or bitter derision or irony; a sharply ironical taunt; sneering or cutting remark
antithesis → an ironic understatement in which affirmative is expressed by negating the opposite. Example: Einstein is not a bad mathematician.
understatement → expressing an idea with less emphasis or in a lesser degree than is the actual case. The opposite of hyperbole, employed for ironic emphasis.