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Language Assessment Test 3

STUDY
PLAY
IDEA: C
birth-3
IDEA: B
age 3+
Direct Service Model
one to one or small group
Indirect Service Model
teaching parents and teachers to scaffold children
Generalization in Classroom
more natural - least restrictive environment
Intensive services
provide 1 month of intensive services then take a week or two off, then repeat
Transitions between IFSP & IEP
have current/future teachers talk
involve parents
give recommendations
Tests for language comprehension & production
PLS-4
CELF-P2
PLS-4
*many different items at each age level for "Auditory Comprehension" & "Expressive Communication"
*Identify colors of crayons
*point to "the white kitten that is sleeping"
*Names described object
*Answers questions logically
*Uses possessives
CELF-P2
*Battery of tests
*Core Language - Receptive Language - Expressive Language - Language Content - Language Structure
Sentence Structure
comprehension of entire sentence - child is pointing not talking
Word Structure
*production of language
*child finishes sentence
Expressive Vocabulary
What is this?
Concepts & Following Directions
*point to the...
Word Classes - Receptive
*What goes together, and how?
Language Sample Types
Conversational
Narrative
During a language sample ask...
open ended questions!
Types of narratives
story from book/movie
personal story
wordless picture book
Scaffolding during reading
comment on child's interests
ask questions
respond to utterances by adding more information
print focused cues
"Show me how to hold the book so I can read"
"Do I read this way or that way?"
"Where is the last word on the page?
Print conventions
where is the front of this book?
Concept of word
show me just one word on this page
alphabetic knowledge
where is the letter B on this page?
Picture focus
*Character: "Who is that?"
*Perceptual: "what color is his hat?
*Action "What is the mom doing in this picture?"
Phonological Awareness
the awareness of sound structure of a language
Develop Rhyming Skills
*ask if 2 words rhyme
*make up rhyming words
*write word family stories
Develop Awareness of Syllables
tap or clap syllables
Develop Segmentation Skills
*show alphabet letter, find picture of words that start with target sound
*Do word pairs begin/end with the same sound?
Develop Phonetic Synthesis Skills
*blending
*use continuants for blending practice
Semantics
vocabulary - word meaning
Type Token Ratio
# different words/total # words
PPVT
quick measure of vocabulary comprehension
fast mapping
make connections between word & referent
Temporal relations
after, before, since, until
physical relations
hard/soft, big/little, tall/short -positive learned 1st
focused stimulation
repeating the word over & over again w/o asking the child to repeat it
word finding deficits
*oral recitation
*confrontation naming
*filling in blanks
*supplying synonyms, antonyms, etc.
*test taking
*narratives
*reading
word finding deficits intervention
*elaboration, word retrieval, or BOTH
*setting-ind, small groups, classroom
*activities - storage & retrieval
confrontation naming
Useful for vocabulary measurement or determining if there is a word retrieval problem
storage elaboration
give rich definitions
3 parts of the TNL
*retell story
*sequence of pictures
*child makes up picture based on a story
Dynamic Testing: kids from different cultural backgrounds
teach, then test
Heaps
unrelated statements about a central stimulus
Preschool Journaling Approach
children draw pictures, parent writes what the child says
Author's Chairs
child tells story, other children ask questions
Paley - links stories with play
capture kids' fantasy stories & transcribe them so the kids can reenact them at a later time
Good Conversationalist
+Assertive +Responsive
Passive
-Assertive + Responsive
Verbal Non-communicator
+Assertive -Responsive
Inactive
-Assertive -Responsive
Assessing Syntax
Language Sample
Syntax Programs
SALT & DSS
Enhanced Milieu/Incidental Teaching
*know what type of sentence you want and wait for it
*have a hierarchy of of cues and prompts
*try not to go directly to immitation
*environmental sabotage
Recast
Expansion
Targeted Recasting
focus on one target problem such as "is"
telegraphic
leaving out words "doggy run"
premise of recasting
saving cognitive resources
complex recasting
2+ changes to child's platform
Preschool Language curriculum components
*Focused contrasts
*Models
*Event casts
*Open questions
*Expansions
*Recasts
*Prompted Interactions
*Scripted Play
LFC
Language facilitation curriculum
Language Acquisition Preschool day
*children learn by doing, talking, & manipulating objects
*structure & freedom
*themes
*1/3 teacher directed 2/3 child directed
CloZe procedure
fill in the blank
Script Therapy
*repeat event several times
*rotate roles
*violate expected events in sequence and/or script
Script Therapy goals
*turn-taking
*increasing number of communicative intents
McGregor
Tutors & Tutees
McGregor Results
increased MLU for tutors & tutees
Goldstein
Script Therapy
Goldstien goal
generalization
Craig
Little Gary - joining group
Barrier Games
put a barrier between client & clinician so you have to follow directions