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15 terms

Term Quiz #13

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Manhattan Project
Authorized by President Roosevelt, this term was the name of work and research done involving the atomic bomb.
Rosie the Riveter
A nickname given during World War II to American women who did industrial work in the 1940s.
Executive Order 9066
FDR was allowed to isolate specific ethnic groups into internment camps that were a threat to the war effort.
Korematsu vs. US
This term said that the interment of Japanese Americans was constitutional because it was necessary during times of war.
Iron Curtain
Both a physical and an ideological barrier between the NATO countries and the USSR. The Berlin Wall was part of it.
Truman Doctrine
Truman's policy that would economically help Greece and Turkey so that they would not fall under the influence of the Soviet Union.
HUAC
aka House Un-American Activities Committee. Examined Americans, such as those in Hollywood, to see if they were involved with Communism.
McCarthyism
The making of public accusations of disloyalty on mainly government officials, specifically involving communism, without sufficient evidence.
Brinkmanship
The act of pushing the Soviet Union to the brink until they would have to give in to U.S. demands.
Sputnik
The first Earth-orbiting satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. The launching of this satellite shocked US and caused Eisenhower to make NASA and increase focus on education.
GI Bill
Aka The Servicemen's Readjustment Act that gave WWII veterans benefits like mortgages, education, etc.
Beat Generation
A group of young artists, writers, and poets that did not want to conform with society. They hated the strict rules and the self-control that was required of them.
Taft-Hartley Act
Passed over Truman's veto, it's also called the Labor-Management Relations Act. It made the closed shop illegal, declared that strikers give an 80-day warning before striking, etc.
Brown v. Bd or Ed
End result was segregation in public schools was a denial of the equal protection of the laws guaranteeing the 14th Amendment. This contradicted the previously established ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson.
Great Society
Johnson's fight against poverty. He wanted to eliminate the troubles of the poor and challenge Americans to build a better society.