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72 terms

mod e finals

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what is an inability to empty the urinary bladder called
urinary retention
what is removal of toxins from the blood called
filtration
what is the production of formed elements of blood called
hemopoiesis
select the term that describes a craving to eat unusal non food substances
pica
which condition is characterized by exsessive destruction of circulating red blood cells?
hemolytic anemia
what is herniation of the bladder into the vagina called
vesicocele
what is christmas disease also known as?
hemophiliaB
select the term that best describes the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces
edema
which term means an abnormal condition of the blood characterized by the red blood cells of varible abnormal size
anisocytosis
which of the following terms means a condition of urinary incontinence especially at night in the bed:bed wetting
enuresis
what is abnormal back flow of urine from the bladder to the ureter called
vesicoureteral reflux
what is a term that is synonymous for albuminuria
proteinuria
wha tis inflammation of the urinary bladder called
cystitis
what is the medical term for an exsessive and uncontrolled increased of immature white blood cells
luekemia
which of the following terms means painful urination
dysuria
which of the following terms means secretion of a diminished amount of urine in relation to the fluid intake: scanty urine output
oliguria
select the term that best describes the clumping of cells as a result of interaction with specific antibodies called agglutinins
agglutination
which plasma protein helps maintain normal blood volume
albumin
which term best describes the specific filtration structure of the urinary system
glomerulus
renal tubules empty urine into the
renal pelvis
which plasma proteins function as antibodies in the immune system
gamma globulins
which condition is known as bone marrow depression anemia
aplastic anemia
what is the release of urine from the urinary bladder called
micturition
what is the anemia that is a result of deficiency of mature red blood cells called
pernicious anemia
what is returning water electrolyttes and nutrients to the blood stream called
reabsoption
select the urinary structure that is most closely associated with reabsorption of water electrolytes and nutrients
renal tubule
select the term that best describes a hereditary disorder in which grapelike sacs replace normal kidney tissue
polycystic kidney disease
what is the name of the orange yellow pigment of bile formed principally by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells after termination of their normal life span
bilirubin
what is another way of describing renal calculi
nephrolithiasis
what is an inability to control the urinary bladder called
urinary incontinence
where are glomeruli located
renal cortex
which of the following terms means the presence of pus in the urine
pyuria
which term best describes a distention of te renal pelvis and calyces due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters
hydronephrosis
select the term that best describes a condition characterized by red blood cells of variable and abnormal size
anisocytosis
what is the medical term for ureteral stricture
ureterostenosis
what is the functional unit of the kidney called
nephron
what is classic hemophilia also known as
hemophilia A
what is shunting the blood so that it may be filtered known as
hemodialysis
which of the following terms means the presence in teh urine of abnormally large quantities of protein usually albumin
albuminuria
which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
idetify the type of anemia that is characterized by deficiency of hemoglobin due to a lack of iron in the body
iron deficiency
what is a circulating clcot called
embolus
what is a clot that forms and stays in place called
thrombus
coombs' test
direct antiglobulin test
esr
measures rbc settling distance
hematocrit
measures percentage of erythrocytes in blood
ptt
monitors heparin therapy
schilling test
diagnostic for pernicious anemia
calyx
collects urine from tubules
kidneys
filter blood produce urine
renal artery
directs blood into th kidney
urethra
directs urine out of he bladder
ureter
tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
urinary bladder
temporary reservoir for urine
renal vein
takes blood out of kidney
the plasa protein that is essential for coagulation
fibrinagen
the ____ _____ an antigen located on teh surface of the red blood cells is names for the rhesus monkey
rh factor
a medical specialist in the field of hematology is calld
hemotoligist
a urinary tract infection is associated with ___ which is blood in the urine
hematuria
platelets are small sisc shaped fragments of very large cells called
mega harocytes
an aids relatd sisease is ______________ pneumonia
pneumacystis caurinir
another name for a white blood cell is a
luekocyte
a___ is a loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time
hemarrage
another name for a clotting cell or thrombocyte
platelet
all
acute lymphatic lukemia
uti
urinary tract infection
agn
acute glumerous leukemia
aml
acute myelogenus leukemia
catherilization
inserting a tube through the urethra into the urinary bladder
nocturia
exsessive urination at night
epsitin barr
a virus diagnostic for monoucleosis
granulocytes
one of the two categories of leukocytes