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246 terms

BP LR Quetion Types

Question Prompts
STUDY
PLAY
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
If all of the statements in the passage are true, which one of the following must be true?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
If the principle is speaking sincerely, then it can inferred from what the principle says the principle believes that
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
Which one of the following judgments conforms to the principles invoked above?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
Which one of the following conclusions can properly be drawn from the above statements?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
John's statements commit him to which of the following positions?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
Which one of the following conclusions can be validly drawn from the passage?
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
According to the principle stated above in the passage, in the upcoming mayoral election
Must Be True (MBT) -2.43
Which one of the following contains an inappropriate usage of a phrase, according to the principle stated above?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
The above statements, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
If the editorialist's statements are true, they provide the most support for with one of the following?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
Which one of the following most logically completes the argument?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
Which one of the following statements is most strongly supported by the information above?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
The survey results in the passage best support which ones of the following conclusions?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
The statement above provide the most support for which one of the following?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
Which one of the following most logically completes the argument?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
which one of the following inferences about gold coins minted in medieval Spain is most strongly supported by the information the numismatist gives?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
Which one of the following most logically completes the final sentence of the essayist's argument?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
The educator's reasoning provides grounds for accepting which one of the following statments?
Soft Must Be True (~MBT) -5.40
Which one of the following judgements conforms most closely to the principle stated by Laila?
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
According to the argument, each of the following could be true of teachers who have enabled their students to make their own decisions EXCEPT:
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
If the critic's statement are true, which one of the following could be true EXCEPT:
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
IF the claims made ave are true, then each of the following could be true EXCEPT:
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
If the statements above are true and the archaeologist hypothesis is correct, which one of the following CANNOT be true?
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
Each of the following principles is logically consistent with the columnist's conclusion EXCEPT:
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
The claims above are compatible with each of the following EXCEPT:
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
Which one of the following, if each is a principle about consumer surveys, is violated by the survey described?
Must Be False (MBF) -.70
Which one of the following employee behaviors most clearly violates the company policy cited above?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the argument?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The main point of the argument is that?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the psychiatrist's argument?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main conclusion of the zoo director's argument?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The argument leads to the conclusion that
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The main conclusion of the argument is that
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately restates the main point of the passage?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Smith argument can most directly be used as part of an argument for which of the following views?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Of the following, which can most accurately express the main point of the argument?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately and completely expresses the main conclusion of the city council member's argument?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the environmentalist's main conclusion?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The Author is arguing that
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The point of Traver's rejoinder to Dillworth's argument is that?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
Ann's reply is structured to lead to which one of the following conclusions?
Main Point (MP) -2.71
The argument criticizing the newspaper article is directed toward establishing which one of the following as it main conclusion?
Describe (D) -1.77
The basic step to Eileen's method of attacking James' argument is to
Describe (D) -1.77
Ruth uses which one of the following argumentative techniques in countering Joanna's argument?
Describe (D) -1.77
Sheila's argument uses which one of the following techniques of augmentation?
Describe (D) -1.77
The smoker's response to the politician's argument
Describe (D) -1.77
The method of the argument is to
Describe (D) -1.77
Lydia's argument proceeds by
Describe (D) -1.77
The opponent's argument proceeds by
Describe (D) -1.77
The argument employ's which one of the following argumentative strategies?
Describe (D) -1.77
Which one of the following describes the technique of reasoning used above?
Describe (D) -1.77
Which one of the following most accurately describes the essayist's method of defending the definition against the objection?
Describe (D) -1.77
In responding to Phoebe, Quincy
Describe (D) -1.77
Jenn's comment is related to Peter's argument in which one of the following way's
Describe (D) -1.77
In attempting to refute the politicians' claim, the author dose which one of the following?
Describe (D) -1.77
Capisi counters Yang's argument by
Describe (D) -1.77
Which one of the following most accurately characterizes Dr. Santos' response to the hypothesis advanced by Dr. Libokov?
Describe (D) -1.77
The relationship of ping's response to Winston's argument is that Ping's response
Describe (D) -1.77
The basic position taken by the report's authors on the criticism leveled against the report that
Describe (D) -1.77
Which one of the following technique of reasoning is employed in the argument?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The argument is flawed because it
Flaw (F) -8.00
The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument
Flaw (F) -8.00
The argument's reasoning is questionable because the argument
Flaw (F) -8.00
The reasoning above is flawed because it fails to recognize that
Flaw (F) -8.00
The principle's response to Ms. Smith's complaint is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?
Flaw (F) -8.00
A flaw in the reasoning of the supporters of food irradiation is that they
Flaw (F) -8.00
The representative's argument is flawed as a counter to the insurance company's contention because
Flaw (F) -8.00
Politician P's reasoning is questionable because in involves
Flaw (F) -8.00
Each of the following describes a flaw in the game show host's reasoning EXCEPT:
Flaw (F) -8.00
The reasoning in the argument is in error because
Flaw (F) -8.00
The argument's reasoning is most vulnerable to criticism on witch one of the following grounds?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The argument's reasoning is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it
Flaw (F) -8.00
Which one of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the skeptic's reasoning?
Flaw (F) -8.00
Which one of the following is an error of reasoning in the argument?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The reasoning in the argument is fallacious is because the argument
Flaw (F) -8.00
A flaw in the reasoning of the passage is that it
Flaw (F) -8.00
A questionable aspect of the reasoning above is that it
Flaw (F) -8.00
The student has interpenetrated the professor's remarks to mean that
Flaw (F) -8.00
Josh's remarks indicate that he interpreted Ashley's statement to imply that
Flaw (F) -8.00
A major flaw is the argument in that the argument
Flaw (F) -8.00
The commissioner's argument is LEAST vulnerable to which one of the following criticisms?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The coach's argument is most vulnerable to the charge that it
Flaw (F) -8.00
Which one of the following remarks accurately describes a mistake of one of the two speakers?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The reasoning is most vulnerable to which one of the following criticisms?
Flaw (F) -8.00
The argument is questionable in presumes which one of the following with providing justification?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to the reasoning in the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
Which one of the following best illustrates the principle illustrated by the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The pattern of reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to the reasoning in the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The structure of which one of the following arguments is most similar to the structure of the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The structure of the reasoning in the argument above is most parallel to that in which one of the following?
Parallel (P) -1.90
In terms of it logical features, the argument above most resembles which one of the following?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The pattern of reasoning displayed above is most closely paralleled in which one of the following?
Parallel (P) -1.90
Which one of the following exhibits a pattern of reasoning most similar to that exhibited by the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
Which one of the following judgments best illustrates the principle illustrated by the argument above?
Parallel (P) -1.90
The way the example functions above is most clearly paralleled in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The flawed reasoning in the argument above is most similar to the flawed reasoning in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The flawed reasoning in the argument above most closely parallels that in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The flawed pattern of reasoning in the argument above most similar to that in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The pattern of flawed in which one of the following reasoning is most similar to the pattern of flawed reasoning in the argument above?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
Which one of the following decisions is based on flawed reasoning that is most similar to the worker's flawed reasoning?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
Which one of following most closely parallels the flawed pattern of reasoning in the politician's reply to the reporter?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The flawed pattern of reasoning in the above similar to that in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The faulty reasoning in which one of the following is most parallel to that in the argument above?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
The flawed reasoning in the biographer;s argument is most similar to that in which one of the following?
Parallel Flaw (PF) -1.97
Which one of the following exhibits both the logical flaws exhibited by the argument above?
Role (R) -1.90
In the argument, the statement that many comic scenes in Mozart's operas open with violin phrases that sound like the squeaking of chancing scenery is offered in support of the claim that
Role (R) -1.90
The claim that people have positive or negative responses in many nonsense words plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
The statement that adolescents and adults are not the same plays which of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
The proposal about how the government's budget should be redirected plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
The case of August Fernson plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
The claim that ambiguity inspires interpretation figures in the argument in which one of the following ways?
Role (R) -1.90
The claim in the first sentence of the passage plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
The claim that bureaucratic mechanisms are engineered to resist change plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
Role (R) -1.90
Which one of the following mist accurately describes the roles played in the passage by the claim that non-marine reptiles have scales?
Role (R) -1.90
The claim that investors sometimes serve as their own engineers plays which one of the following roles in the argument
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Which one of the following is the point issue between the politician and the smoker?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Trisha and Jerod disagree over weather the institution of the family is
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The exchange between Bart and Anne most strongly supports the view that they disagree as to
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Walter and Larissa are logically committed by what they say to disagree about which one of the following?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The main point at issue between Sarah and Paul is whether
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The point at issue between Aaron and Belinda is whether
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Which one of the following is an issue about which X and Y disagree?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Goswami and Nordecki disagree over the truth of which one of the following statements?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The point about which the supervisor expresses disagreement with the plant manager is
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Naima and Nakai disagree with each other weather
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Azadeh's and Ben's statements provide the most support for holding that they disagree about weather
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The conversation leands the most support to the claim that Dana and Pat disagree on which one of the following?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Laird and Kim disagree on weather pure research
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
Monica's and Hector's statements commit them to disagreeing about which one of the following principles?
Disagree (DIS) -1.53
The dialogue most supports the claim that Tony and Raoul disagree about whether
Agree (ARG) -0.13
On the basis of their statements, John and Kim are committed to agreeing about which one of the following?
Agree (ARG) -0.13
If Mike and Jane are both sincere in what they say, then if can properly be concluded that they agree that
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument above?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the environmentalists' proposal ?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the position of the second group of doctors?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following statements, if true and added to those above, most supports the conclusion that no ski resort owners are lawyers?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Each of the following, if true, strengthen the argument above EXCEPT:
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if established, dose most to justify the position advanced by the passage?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the conclusion from the survey results?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following expresses a general principle that could underlie the argument?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly strengthens Jane's argument?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if assumed, would do the most to justify the claim that the price of halibut will increase?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Each of the following, if true helps to support the claim that the new, maps will be more useful EXCEPT:
Strengthen (+) -6.07
In the absence of the anthropologist's reply, which one of the following principles, if established, would most support the chemist's charge?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Each of the following principles, if valid supports the task force members' proposal EXCEPT:
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, provides the most strongly the recommendation made by the argument?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strongly supports the prediction made by the market analysts?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Each of the following, if true, would strengthen the argument EXCEPT:
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument that there is a fifth universal truth?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if established, provides the strongest justification for the department chair's refusal, on the grounds that she gives, to sign the protest letter?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
The chairperson's reasoning most closely conforms to which one of the following principles?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if valid, most justifies the lecture's classification of the generalizations described above?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles forms a logical basis from Zimbabwe's objection to a ban?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles most helps to justify the passage's recommendation about the article?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if established, most strongly supports the argument?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if accepted. would most strongly supports the Figorian Development Commission's position against the Figorian Wildlife Commission's position?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
The situation described above most closely conforms to which one of the following principles?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, while remaining compatible with the requirements cited above, supports the view that a physician's responding to the request would violate medical ethics?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if valid, most helps to justify the reasoning above?
Strengthen (+) -6.07
Which one of the following principles, if established, most helps to justify the production manager's conclusion?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, indicates that the researcher's precaution might NOT have the results of decreasing their heart disease?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true and not take into account by the calculation, most seriously weakens the argument?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, most calls into question the argument made by the companies promoting voice mail?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, would be the strongest challenge to the author's conclusion?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, would weaken the argument?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the validity of the evidence offered in support of the naturalists' claim?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following, if true, most call's into question the managers claim?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument against the predominant theory about northern cave paintings EXCEPT:
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, most undermines the author's prediction?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously undermines Juan's prediction?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, argues most strongly against the passage's recommendation about an article?
Weaken (-) -4.83
The reasoning in the company representative's argument is most vulnerable to criticism because it fails to consider the possibility that
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if shown to be a realistic possibility, would undermine the argument?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, most directly counters the second legislator's objection?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument EXCEPT:
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following principles is violated by Terry's reasoning?
Weaken (-) -4.83
Which one of the following statements, if true, most weakens the drilling proponent's reply?
Weaken (-) -4.83
The prediction that ends the passage would be most seriously called into question if it were true that in the last few years
Weaken (-) -4.83
The relevance if the evidence cited by the government officials in support of their position would be most seriously undermined if it were true that
Weaken (-) -4.83
Each of the following weakens the detective's argument EXCEPT:
Weaken (-) -4.83
The charges made above against alternative medicine is most seriously weakened if it is true that
Crux (?) -0.20
Which one of the following would be most important to know in evaluating the hypothesis in the passage?
Crux (?) -0.20
The answer to which one of the following questions would most help evaluating the columnist's argument?
Crux (?) -0.20
The answer to which one of the following questions would the most helpful in determining whether the conclusion that Dr. Godfrey draws could be logically defended against Dr. Nash's counterargument?
Crux (?) -0.20
Which one of the following would be most helpful to know in order to judge whether what the scientist subsequently learned calls into question the hypothesis?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Upon which one of the following assumptions dose the author rely in the passage?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the principle underlying the argumentation above?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument depends on which one of the following assumptions?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the conservationist's reasoning depends?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption required by the historian's argument?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Brett's argument requires which one of the following assumptions?
Necessary (N) -5.20
As assumption made is the explanation offered by the author of the passage is that
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument assumes which one of the following?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the conclusion of the argument depends?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument advanced by the Figorian Wildlife Commission depends?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The conclusion of the argument depends on one of the following assumptions?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument in Mike's defense depends on the assumption that
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument assumes which one of the following?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The conclusion in the passage above relies on which one of the following assumptions?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument depends on the assumption that
Necessary (N) -5.20
The reasoning in the argument depends upon assuming that
Necessary (N) -5.20
The explanation offered by the psychologist accounts from the Minlandians' behavior only if which one of the following is assumed?
Necessary (N) -5.20
Steph's response depends on the presupposition that
Necessary (N) -5.20
Trent's argument assumes that
Necessary (N) -5.20
The expert's argument depends on assuming which one of the following?
Necessary (N) -5.20
The argument that the direction of the Earth's magnetic field is changed over time requires the assumption that
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The main conclusion above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The conclusion of the argument is properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The conclusion above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The astronaut's conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The conclusion above is properly drawn if which one of the following is assumed?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
Which one of the following if assumed, enables the argument's conclusion to be properly drawn?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The conclusion above is properly drawn from the premises given if which one of the following is true?
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The environmentalist's conclusion would be properly drawn if it were true that
Sufficient (S) -2.80
A principle that, if established, justifies Jim's response to Anthony is that the airline is morally obligated to compensate a passenger who has been denied a seat on a flight for which a passenger has confirmed reservations
Sufficient (S) -2.80
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is added to the premises?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the passage above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, dose the most to resolve the apparent paradox?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy between the two reports?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy described above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy presented above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Each of the following if true, helps reconcile the statements above EXCEPT:
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Each of the following if true, contributes to a resolution of the apparent discrepancy described above EXCEPT:
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Each of the following if true, helps resolve the paradox above EXCEPT:
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, most helps to reconcile the restorer's decision with the goal stated in the passage?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following statements, if true, dose the most to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent paradox?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following, if true, helps LEAST to resolve the apparent discrepancy described above?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following, if true, dose NOT help resolve the apparent discrepancy between the safety report and the city's public records?
Resolve (RES) -1.80
Which one of the following, if true, most helps account for the growing discrepancy between the estimate based on commercial tonnage and the research-based estimate?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Which one of the following, if true, most helps explain why the Norse settlements in Greenland disappeared while the Inuit Settlements survived?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Which one of the following, if true, dose most to explain why the water of Lake Laberge currently contains high levels of toxaphene?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Which one of the following, if true, most helps explain why the company has not taken available legal measures?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Which one of the following, if true, most helps to explain why the anomalous behavior of the birds that fly into windowpanes?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Each of the following, if true would contribute to an explanation of differences described above EXCEPT:
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Each of the following, if true would contribute to an explanation of the doubling described above EXCEPT:
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to explanation of why bridges fracture elsewhere then at high stress points?
Explain (EXP) -1.73
Each of the following, if true, helps to an explain the relatively low rate of plastic recycling EXCEPT:
Explain (EXP) -1.73
As a preliminary to negotiating prices, merchants selling goods often specified that payment should be in the coins minted from Senegalese gold. Which one of the following, if true, most helps explain this preference?