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34 terms

ITGS Chapter 12 - Health

Key terms for the ITGS specific scenario 'Health'. These relate to chapter 12 of the textbook (www.itgstextbook.com).
STUDY
PLAY
addiction
Compulsive use of a computer system that can lead to negative effects, including health problems. A growing problem!
Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
A health problem causing pain in the wrist, often associated with overuse or incorrect of a computer system.
centralised database
database in which all data in stored in one centralised location.
clinical decision support system
Expert system for medical diagnosis
computer model
Mathematical representation of the real world using computer software.
CTS
A health problem causing pain in the wrist, often associated with overuse or incorrect of a computer system.
cybernetics
Integration of IT into the human body.
e-prescriptions
Electronic prescriptions.
EDI
Process of transferring data between systems in a standard format that both can understand.
EHR
Computerised medical records, often stored on a centralised server.
Electronic Data Interchange
Process of transferring data between systems in a standard format that both can understand.
Electronic Health Records
Computerised medical records, often stored on a centralised server.
Electronic Medical Records
Computerised medical records, often stored on a centralised server.
EMR
Computerised medical records, often stored on a centralised server.
ergonomics
Meaning a system design for user comfort.
Human Genome Project
An online project designed to centrally store information about the human genome.
medical expert system
Expert system for medical diagnosis support.
myoelectric control
Control of IT using electrical impulses from the body
neural control
Control of IT using electrical impulses from the brain
opt-in
System in which users must explicitly decide to participate.
opt-out
System in which users must explicitly decide not to participate.
Personal Health Record
Electronic health records which are stored on the patient's own computer system.
PHR
Electronic health records which are stored on the patient's own computer system.
prosthetics
Devices used to replace a user's arms or legs if they have been amputated. Increasing becoming computerised.
remote monitoring
Use of IT to monitor the health of patients over a large distance.
Repetitive Strain Injury
Injury caused by overuse or incorrect use of a computer, which can affect the wrists, arms, back, or shoulders.
RSI
Injury caused by overuse or incorrect use of a computer, which can affect the wrists, arms, back, or shoulders.
smart cards
Credit card sized card containing a microchip for data storage and processing.
store-and-forward telemedicine
Telemedicine using techniques such as email, which do not operate in real time.
telehealth
Using IT to perform medical consultations when the doctor and patient are in geographically separate locations.
telemedicine
Using IT to perform medical consultations when the doctor and patient are in geographically separate locations.
telesurgery
Using IT to perform surgery on a patient in a geographically separate location from the doctor.
virtual reality
A virtual world which the user views using a special headset, and may participate in using specialist input devices.
VPN
Allows a secure private connection over a public network, using an encrypted 'tunnel'. For example, a remote computer can securely connect to a LAN, as though it were physically connected.