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35 terms

Civilwar

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Fort Sumter
Union-controlled fort in South Carolina where the first official fighting of the Civil War occurred
Anaconda Plan
Northern strategy in the Civil War in which they would surround the South
Bull Run
first major bloodshed of the Civil War in which General Irvin McDowell led Union forces against General Thomas Jackson (South) near Washington, D.C. The first Southern victory in the War
Thomas Jackson
Confederate general who led Confederate troops in the battle of Bull Run. Known for being as "strong as a Stonewall"
George McClellan
appointed by Lincoln to lead the new Union army; known for being very cautious in his military tactics; achieved victory at Antietam
Ulysses Grant
Union General who was known for various military victories in Tennessee during the Civil War and fighting at the Battle of Shiloh
Shiloh
Battle in which the Southern soldiers surprise attacked the Union forces; taught both sides of the war the importance of using scouts, digging trenches, and building fortifications.
David Farragut
commander of a Union fleet based in the Mississippi River; was successful in attacking and seizing New Orleans
Monitor
Union's first ironclad ship
Robert Lee
general who took command of the Confederate forces; achieved victory at the Second Battle of Bull Run
Antietam
bloodiest single-day battle in American history; fought between McClellan's northern forces and Lee's Southern forces
minie ball
a cone-shaped bullet, made of soft lead, with a hollow base that would cause a rifle to shoot farther and more accurately than a musket
rifling
technology in which the inside of a firearm's barrel had grooves, causing the bullet to spin
Gatling gun
a large, rapid-fire weapon with multiple rotating barrels, cranked by hand
Abraham Lincoln
Republican president of the Union
Jefferson Davis
president of the Confederacy
Merrimack
Confederacy's first ironclad ship
ironclad
a ship that is covered with iron plates
Trent Affair
event in which a Union ship stopped a British ship in order to arrest two Confederate representatives who were attempting negotiations between the Confederacy and Britain
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln's speech which freed slaves in areas of Confederate control.
habeas corpus
court order that requires authorities to bring a person held in jail before the court to determine why he or she is being jailed.
Copperheads
Northern Democrats who advocated peace with the South
conscription
a draft that would force certain members of the population to serve in the army.
54th Massachusetts
first regiment made of African American soldiers; fought for the Union.
income tax
a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual's income.
Chancellorsville
Battle in which Lee defeats general Joseph Hooker and forced the Union army to retreat; Southern victory
Gettysburg
three-day battle between Robert E. Lee and George Meade, in which the Union outlasted the Confederacy and caused them to retreat; left the Confederate troops permanently weakened.
Vicksburg
battle in which Ulysses S. Grant placed a Confederate fort under siege; resulted in Northern victory and the Union able to control all of the Mississippi River
Gettysburg Address
Lincoln's speech in which he reaffirms the North's reasons for fighting the Civil War which were to preserve the Union and to free enslaved people.
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union general appointed by Grant as the commander of the military division of the Mississippi; marched Southeast towards George and devastated the South during his "March"
Election of 1864
election in which Lincoln defeated George McClellan and John C. Fremont, getting reelected for his second term as president.
Appomattox Court House
event in which Lee and Grant met to arrange a Confederate surrender; ending the Civil War
National Bank Act
set up a system of federally chartered banks, set requirements for loans, and provided for banks to be inspected.
Thirteenth Amendment
freed all slaves
John Wilkes Booth
Southern sympathizer who assassinated Abraham Lincoln.